• YAN LI

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Phylogeny and biogeography of Alyssum (Brassicaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal ITS DNA sequences

      Yan Li Yan Kong Zhe Zhang Yanqiang Yin Bin Liu Guanghui Lv Xiyong Wang

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      The genus Alyssum consists of about 195 species native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa. All species were assigned to six sections. Previous molecular phylogeny studies indicate that Alyssum is polyphyletic. However, the divergence time and dispersal of the genus are not well studied. In this study, the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Alyssum were studied with nrDNA ITS sequences obtained from five sections. The divergence time was estimated by fossil calibration and the biogeography was examined by spread analysis. The phylogeny indicated two main lineages: lineage 1 includes the section of Alyssum, Gamosepalum and Psilonema; lineage 2 includes the section of Odontarrhena, Meniocus and Clypeola. The phylogenetic relationship was not congruent with the previous sectional classifications. The age of Alyssum was dated to the upper Miocene. Molecular data suggested the diversification of Alyssum in Mediterranean areas and wide-ranging distribution such as North Africa, eastward into Central Asia and immigration into North America. Climatic aridification and arid/semiarid areas established in the Pliocene/Pleistocene could have provided favourable conditions for the migration and diversification of Alyssum.

    • Characterization of a splice variant of soybean ERECTA devoid of an intracellular kinase domain in response to shade stress

      JUNBO DU YAN LI XIN SUN LIANG YU HENGKE JIANG QIULIN CAO JING SHANG MENGYUAN SUN YI LIU KAI SHU JIANG LIU TAIWEN YONG WEIGUO LIU FENG YANG XIAOCHUN WANG CHUNYAN LIU WENYU YANG

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      The receptor-like kinase ERECTA (ER) plays vital roles in plant adaptation under environmental stress including shade avoidance in Arabidopsis. In our previous study, we identified four ER paralogues in soybean (GmERs) that showed high similarities to Arabidopsis ER. Each GmER was predicted to generate diverse alternative splicing variants. However, whether soybean GmERs contribute to shade avoidance is unknown. Here we report our characterization of GmERs in response to shading. Promoter::GUS staining analysis shows that expression of GmER paralogous genes was differentially induced under shade stress. Further analyses show that GmERa.1 and GmERa.2 exhibit a larger distinction in length than the other GmER variants. GmERa.2 has the shortest length of amino acid with only 15 leucine-rich repeats which is the part of the extracellular domain of GmERa.1. Overexpression of GmERa.2 fully rescued the hypocotyl length, leaf area and petiole length, and the sensitivity of the hypocotyl of Arabidopsis mutant er-3 to shading, suggesting that the truncated extracellular domain of GmERa might contribute importantly to shade avoidance.

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