Articles written in Journal of Genetics
Volume 99 All articles Published: 4 June 2020 Article ID 0050 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Smith–Magenis syndrome (SMS, OMIM: 182290) is a multiple congenital anomalies and intellectual disability syndrome due to a 3.45 Mb microdeletion involving 17p11.2 and is estimated to occur about one in 25,000 births. Up to now, the ultrasound findings of the foetus with SMS and their external genital defects in patients are rarely reported. This case indicates that foetus with SMS may presentpolyhydramnios and ventriculomegaly in the second trimester. The newborn male patient had an abnormal phenotype in which he has micropenis and his anus is close to the perineal body. The identification of this case may further expand the phenotypic spectrum of this genetic disorder.
Volume 100 All articles Published: 2 June 2021 Article ID 0040 RESEARCH NOTE
Dandy–Walker malformation (DWM) is characterized by complete or partial agenesis of the cerebellar vermis, cyatic dilatation of the forth ventricle, and enlarged posterior fossa. However, the mechanism is still not completely understood up to now. In this study, we reported a rare case that a foetus with DWM showed partial trisomy 12p and distal 15q deletion. Karyotype analysis and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were not always concordant with each other, and it is suggested that they should be performed for prenatal genetic diagnosis together. DWM is a rare central nervous system malformation, reported in 1/25–30,000 live births, characterized by complete or partial agenesis of the cerebellar vermis, cyatic dilatation of the forth ventricle, and enlarged posterior fossa (Kumar et al. 2001; Klein et al. 2003; Agrawal et al. 2016). The neurological development of children with DWM may range from normal to severely retarded, and cause variable clinical feature. Although several efforts have been made to explore its pathogenesis, however, it is still not completelyunderstood. During the past decade, some genetic loci, microdeletion or duplication have been reported to be associated with DWM, suchas 9p trisomy, partial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 13, genes ZIC1 and ZIC4 (von Kaisenberg et al. 2000; McCormack et al. 2003; Grinberg et al. 2004). In the present study, we describe a prenatal diagnosis case that a foetus with DWM on ultrasound scanning accepted genetic testing, and it revealed a microduplication of 12p13.33p11.1 and microdeletion of 15q11.2 in 750K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array, while it showed 46,XX,der(8)(8pter→8q24::12p10→12qter),i(12)(p10) in karyotyping.
Volume 101, 2022
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