• XUYE DU

Articles written in Journal of Genetics

• Cloning and characterization of novel fast $\omega$-gliadin genes in Triticum monococcum

• Molecular cloning and functional characterization of two novel high molecular weight glutenin subunit genes in Aegilops markgrafii

The high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) in bread wheat are major determinants of the viscoelastic properties of dough and the end-use quality of wheat flour. Two novel HMW-GSs, 1Cx1.1 and 1Cy9.1, from the diploid speciesAegilops markgrafii (CC) were identified in the present study. The corresponding open-reading frames of the genes of 1Cx1.1 and 1Cy9.1 were isolated and sequenced using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. Sequence comparison demonstrated that the HMW-GSs from Ae. markgrafii possess a similar primary structure to the homologous proteins in wheat and related species. A tandem tripeptide exists in the central repetitive domain of 1Cx1.1, and this unique structure is very rare in the HMW-GSs of other genomes. To confirm the authenticity of these isolated endogenous HMW-GS, the heterologous proteins produced by removing the signal peptides expressed by E. coli exhibited the same electrophoretic mobility as the native proteins. Subsequently, the singleprotein was purified at a sufficient scale for incorporation into flour to performsodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) sedimentation testing. Notably, the SDS sedimentation volume was less with the addition of 1Cx1.1 than it was with 1Cy9.1.

• Cloning and characterization of a novel low-molecular-weight glutenin subunit gene with an unusual molecular structure of Aegilops uniaristata

Low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GSs) are one of the important factors for the dough processing quality. In this study, a novel LMW-GS, designated LMW-N13, from the wheat relative species Aegilops uniaristata PI 554421 was cloned and characterized. Unlike previously published LMW-GSs, LMW-N13 has a large molecular weight and is the largest LMW-GS published thus far. Sequence alignments demonstrated that LMW-N13 is a LMW-i-type subunit but contains nine cysteine residues which is one more than typical LMW-i-type subunits. In addition, four insertions are present in the repetitive domain that resulted in the large molecular weight. In vitro analysis showed that LMW-N13 could improve the dough quality of different base flours.

• # Journal of Genetics

Volume 98
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