• T. Sharma

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Mitochondrial DNA restriction maps ofMus booduga, Mus terricolor andMus musculus tytleri

      B. Chatterjee M. Bahadur T. Sharma

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      Restriction maps of milochondrial DNA of the Indian pygmy field miceMus booduga andM. terricolor, and the house mouseM. musculus tytleri were determined with seven six-cutter restriction enzymes. The restriction map of the mitochondrial DNA of the laboratory mouseM. m. domesticus was used as a reference. Pairwise comparison was made of the mitochondrial DNAs for the presence or absence of the restriction sites, and per cent sequence divergence was calculated. The results show that the sequence divergence betweenbooduga andterricolor is 8-7% while thedomesticus-tytleri andbooduga-terricolor groups are divergent by 16-3%. The mtDNA sequence divergences we have obtained suggest that thebooduga-terricolor lineage might not have diverged before the Southeast Asiancervicolor-cookii-caroli lineage during evolution of these lineages of the subgenusMus as inferred by others earlier. On the other hand, it seems likely that these lineages evolved in parallel.

    • High levels of genetic variation in Indian field and house mice

      S. Singh T. Sharma

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      Genetic variation in the Indian pygmy field miceMus booduga and theMus terricolor complex and in the house mouseMus musculus tytleri was analysed electro phoretically at 20 enzymatic and nonenzymatic protein loci. The results show an unusually high genetic variation in the field mice in terms of per cent polymorphism (P = 75 to 90 at 0-95 level), observed heterozygosity (Ho = 0.215[ ± 0.213] to 0.314 [±0.236]) and average number of alleles(A = 2.0[± 0.858] to 2.38 [±0.868]). Very high values of P,Ho andA were also observed for the house mouse. Genetic distance (D) determined by using Nei’s (1978) formula in theM. terricolor complex ranged from the lowest,D = 0.082, betweenM. terricolor I and II to the highest,D = 0.155, betweenM. terricolor II and III. Genetic distance betweenM. booduga and theM. terricolor complex was 0-259 and that between the house mouseM. m. tytleri and theM. booduga-terricolor lineage was 0.285. TheseD values corroborate that the pygmy field and house mice are closely allied.

    • Meiosis and speciation: A study in a speciatingMus terricolor complex

      A. Bardhan T. Sharma

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      The three chromosomal species of theMus terricolor complex possess 2n = 40 chromosomes. We show that their karyotypes differ in stable heterochromatin variations fixed in homozygous condition as prominent short arms in autosomes 1, 3 and 6. The three chromosomal species exhibit a high incidence of polymorphisms for Robertsonian fusions and pericentric inversions. Breeding experiments and histological analysis of testis show that heterozygosity for pericentric inversions and Robertsonian fusions had no effect on fertility. Meiotic analysis shows normal overall progression of meiosis in the heterozygotes, which is consistent with their normal gametogenesis. Nevertheless, both the inversion and fusion heterozygotes had undergone some alterations in the regular process of homologous synapsis, and it appeared that certain features of the meiotic system circumvented the potential negative effects of these polymorphic chromosomal rearrangements. The results indicate that the attributes of the meiotic system in a given organism could modulate the potential of a chromosomal rearrangement as reproductive barrier. The meiotic modulation hypothesis offers an explanation for the contradictory effects of the similar kinds of chromosomal mutations reported in different species.

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