• Samir V. Sawant

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Conserved nucleotide sequences in highly expressed genes in plants

      Samir V. Sawant Pradhyumna K. Singh Shiv K. Gupta Raju Madnala Rakesh Tuli

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      Genes that code for proteins expressed at high and low levels in plants were classified into separate data sets. The two data sets were analysed to identify the conserved nucleotide sequences that may characterize genes with contrasting levels of expression. The AUG context that characterized the highly expressed genes is (A/C)N2AAN3(A/T)T(A/C) AACAATGGCTNCC(T/A)CNA(C/T)(A/C). The data set of highly expressed genes shows overrepresentation of codons for alanine at the second position and serine at the third and fourth positions after the translation initiation codon. The characteristic transcription initiation site in the highly expressed genes is CAN(A/C)(A/C)(C/A)C(C/A)N2A(C/A). The promoter region is characterized by two tandemly repeated TATA elements, sometimes with one and rarely with two point mutations in the highly expressed genes. Besides the two tandemly repeated TATA elements, the promoter context in the highly expressed genes is overrepresented by C, C and G at the -3, -1 and+9 positions respectively. The characteristic TATA motif in the highly expressed plant genes is (T/C)(T/A)N2TCACTATATATAG. Most of these features are not present in the genes ubiquitously expressed at low levels in plants.

    • Microarray-based large scale detection of single feature polymorphism in Gossypium hirsutum L.

      Anukool Srivastava Samir V. Sawant Satya Narayan Jena

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      Microarrays offer an opportunity to explore the functional sequence polymorphism among different cultivars of many crop plants. The Affymetrix microarray expression data of five genotypes of Gossypium hirsutum L. at six different fibre developmental stages was used to identify single feature polymorphisms (SFPs). The background corrected and quantile-normalized log2 intensity values of all probes of triplicate data of each cotton variety were subjected to SFPs call by using SAM procedure in R language software. We detected a total of 37,473 SFPs among six pair genotype combinations of two superior (JKC777 and JKC725) and three inferior (JKC703, JKC737 and JKC783) using the expression data. The 224 SFPs covering 51 genes were randomly selected from the dataset of all six fibre developmental stages of JKC777 and JKC703 for validation by sequencing on a capillary sequencer. Of these 224 SFPs, 132 were found to be polymorphic and 92 monomorphic which indicate that the SFP prediction from the expression data in the present study confirmed a ∼ 58.92% of true SFPs. We further identified that most of the SFPs are associated with genes involved in fatty acid, flavonoid, auxin biosynthesis etc. indicating that these pathways significantly involved in fibre development.

    • Whitefly and aphid inducible promoters of Arabidopsis thaliana L


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      Lack of regulated expression and tissue specificity are the major drawbacks of plant and virus-derived constitutive promoters. A precise tissue or site-specific expression, facilitate regulated expression of proteins at the targeted time and site. Publically available microarray data on whitefly and aphid infested Arabidopsis thaliana L. was used to identify whitefly and aphid-inducible genes. The qRT-PCR further validated the inducible behaviour of these genes under artificial infestation. Promoter sequences of genes were retrieved from the Arabidopsis Information Resources database with their corresponding 5′UTR and cloned from the A. thaliana genome. Promoter reporter transcriptional fusions were developed with the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gusA gene in a binary expression vector to validate the inducible behaviour of these promoters in eight independent transgenic Nicotiana tabaccum lines. Histochemical analysis of the reporter gene in T2 transgenic tobacco lines confirmed promoter driven expression at the sites of aphid and whitefly infestation. The qRT-PCR and GUS expression analysis of transgenic lines revealed that abscisic acid largely influenced the expression of both aphid and whitefly inducible promoters. Further, whitefly-specific promoter respond to salicylic acid and jasmonic acid (JA), whereas aphid-specific promoters to JA and 1-aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid. The response of promoters to phytohormones correlated to the presence of corresponding conserved cis-regulatory elements.

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