• SURUCHI VIJ

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Genetic analysis of some morphological traits in synthetic x naturally polyploid cotton derivatives

      SURUCHI VIJ DHARMINDER PATHAK PANKAJ RATHORE POOJA NIKHANJ

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      Cotton has received attention of geneticists since more than a century. Gossypium hirsutum, the predominantly cultivated cotton species worldwide, has a narrow genetic base. It is important to broaden its genetic base through introgression of novel alleles from related species. Here, we report the development and characterization of a backcross population derived from the hybridization of a 'synthetic' (derived by crossing and chromosomal doubling of nonprogenitor Gossypium species) and natural tetraploid upland cotton. 'Synthetic' was observed to be male-sterile and thus, was used as the female parent. A total of 7434 flowers were pollinated to obtain 1868 BC1F1 seeds by direct and reciprocal crosses. Characterization of the experimental plant material was conducted in the field for several morphological traits such as pubescence on the stem, leaf, petiole and bract, presence/absence of petal spot, petal margin colouration andstamen filament colouration. Genetic analysis revealed that petal margin colouration phenotype was governed by a single dominant gene,whereas the petal spot and filament colouration phenotypes manifested segregation distortion. None of the BC1F1 plants was devoid of trichomes thus demonstrating that presence of trichomes is dominant over their absence. Modern upland cotton cultivars are usually devoid of petal spot, petal margin colouration and stamen filament colouration. These floral anthocyanin pigmentation characteristics, if fixed in the cotton germplasm, may serve as diagnostic features for the identification of cultivars during DUS testing as well as in the maintenance breeding programmes.

    • Molecular mapping of CLCuD resistance introgressed from synthetic cotton polyploid in upland cotton

      SURUCHI VIJ DHARMINDER PATHAK PANKAJ RATHORE HARISH KUMAR P. S. SEKHON DHARMINDER BHATIA PARVEEN CHHUNEJA KULDEEP SINGH

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      Cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD), caused by a geminivirus complex, is the most serious disease of upland cotton in northwest India and Pakistan. It results in substantial losses in cotton yield and fibre quality. Due to continuous appearance of new viral strains, all the established CLCuD resistant stocks, extant and obsolete cultivars of upland cotton have become susceptible. Therefore, it became crucial to explore the novel sources of CLCuD resistance, as development of CLCuD resistant varieties is the most practical approach to manage this menace. Here, for the first time, we report introgression and mapping of CLCuD resistance from a ‘synthetic cotton polyploid’ to uplandcotton. A backcross population (synthetic polyploid / Gossypium hirsutum Acc. PIL 43/G. hirsutum Acc. PIL 43) was developed for studying inheritance and mapping of CLCuD resistance. Dominance of CLCuD resistance was observed over its susceptibility. Two dominant genes were found to confer resistance to CLCuD. Molecular analysis through genotyping-by-sequencing revealed that chromosomes A01 and D07 harboured one CLCuD resistance gene each.

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