The genome ofAzotobacler vinelandii has been taggedin vivo with transposons. The cells have then been allowed to divide and the pattern of segregation of the genomes has been studied. The results suggest the presence of multiple (possibly identical) copies of the genome inA. vinelandii. Only a fraction of the total number of genomes seem to have been tagged with transposon and an equilibrium between alleles of the same gene with and without the transposon was evident during random segregation.