The present study focusses on allozyme variation in the commensal house mouseMus musculus, the pygmy field miceM. booduga andM. terricolor, and the spiny mouseM. platythrix. Genetic heterozygosity was estimated using a set of 24 polymorphic biochemical genetic markers. The extent of variability present inM. booduga, M. terricolor andM. platythrix has been compared with that in theM. musculus complex. Levels of allozyme variation at species level indicate thatM. musculus has the maximum heterogeneity, followed byM. booduga andM. terricolor, whileM. platythrix shows comparatively homogeneous genetic make-up. Gene frequency data have been used to trace phylogenetic relationships among these four species.