• R. Clayton

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • A note on some alleles of aristapedia

      C. H. Waddington R. Clayton

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Larvae homozygous for several alleles of aristapedia (ssa, ssaB, ssa40a andssaSnB) were transferred for three days to 18°C. after being kept at 27°C. for 12,24,36,48 or 60 hr. from laying. They were then scored for the grade of transformation of the arista into a tarsus and for the distortion of the normal tarsus. In all cases both the abnormalities were increased by cold treatments given after 48 or 60 hr.

      The patterns of effect were similar inssa40a andssaSnB, both of which always have a strong aristal effect and in the higher grades a strong tarsal effect;ssaSnB is always stronger thanssa40a under the same conditions.

      A different pattern is characteristic ofssa, which has a strong aristal effect and a weak tarsal effect. The pattern is different again inssaB, which at high temperature has a weak effect, and at low temperature a moderate effect, on both aristae and tarsi.

      The existence of these different patterns of effect shows that the alleles are not related in a simple quantitative manner, but differ qualitatively.

      In flies homozygous for alleles which have strong effects on both organs (i.e.ssa40a andssaSnB) the aristal tarsus may be stunted just as is the leg tarsus. This demonstrates that the effect of the gene is not produced by a simple growth stimulation.

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