Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • A substitution mutation in OsCCD7 cosegregates with dwarf and increased tillering phenotype in rice

      Krishnanand P. Kulkarni Chandrapal Vishwakarma Sarada P. Sahoo John M. Lima Manoj Nath Prasad Dokku Rajesh N. Gacche Trilochan Mohapatra S. Robin N. Sarla M. Seshashayee Ashok K. Singh Kuldeep Singh Nagendra K. Singh R. P. Sharma

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      Dwarf plant height and tillering ability are two of the most important agronomic traits that determine the plant architecture, and have profound influence on grain yield in rice. To understand the molecular mechanism controlling these two traits, an EMS-induced recessive dwarf and increased tillering1 (dit1) mutant was characterized. The mutant showed proportionate reduction in each internode as compared to wild type revealing that it belonged to the category of dn-type of dwarf mutants. Besides, exogenous application of GA3 and 24-epibrassinolide, did not have any effect on the phenotype of the mutant. The gene was mapped on the long arm of chromosome 4, identified through positional candidate approach and verified by cosegregation analysis. It was found to encode carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase7 (CCD7) and identified as an allele of htd1. The mutant carried substitution of two nucleotides CC to AA in the sixth exon of the gene that resulted in substitution of serine by a stop codon in the mutant, and thus formation of a truncated protein, unlike amino acid substitution event in htd1. The new allele will facilitate further functional characterization of this gene, which may lead to unfolding of newer signalling pathways involving plant development and architecture.

    • Mapping and introgression of QTL for yield and related traits in two backcross populations derived from Oryza sativa cv. Swarna and two accessions of O. nivara

      B. P. Mallikarjuna Swamy K. Kaladhar G. Ashok Reddy B. C. Viraktamath N. Sarla

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      Advanced backcross QTL (AB-QTL) analysis was carried out in two Oryza nivara-derived BC2F2 populations. For nine traits, we identified 28 QTL in population 1 and 26 QTL in population 2. The two most significant yield-enhancing QTL, yldp9.1 and yldp2.1 showed an additive effect of 16 and 7 g per plant in population 1, while yld2.1 and yld11.1 showed an additive effect of 11 and 10 g per plant in population 2. At least one O. nivara-derived QTL with a phenotypic variance of >15% was detected for seven traits in population 1 and three traits in population 2. The O. nivara-derived QTL ph1.1, nt12.1, nsp1.1, nfg1.1, bm11.1, yld2.1 and yld11.1 were conserved at the same chromosomal locations in both populations. Two major QTL clusters were detected at the marker intervals RM488–RM431 and RM6–RM535 on chromosomes 1 and 2, respectively. The colocation of O. nivara-derived yield QTL with yield meta-QTL on chromosomes 1, 2 and 9 indicates their accuracy and consistency. The major-effect QTL reported in this study are useful for marker-assisted breeding and are also suitable for further fine mapping and candidate gene identification.

    • Genetics of novel brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) resistance genes in derived introgression lines from the interspecific cross O. sativa var. Swarna × O. nivara


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      The brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Homoptera: Delphacidae) is considered a threat to rice (Oryza sativa ssp.) crop in many parts of the world including India. Among the BPH-resistance (R) genes so far reported in rice, most of them are ineffective against BPH biotype 4 predominant in the Indian sub-continent. In this study, we show the introgression line RPBio4918-230S was identified as BPH resistant after five years of rigorous screening at seedling stage and two years at tillering and reproductive stages. The inheritance of resistance indicated that two recessive genes are involved at seedling and reproductive stages. The allelic relation with known genes using linked reported markers suggested that the genes present in RPBio4918-230S are different. We report here the genetics of the two newly introgressed BPH resistance genes from O. nivara in the background of Swarna which are effective at all the important growth stages. The genes have been tentatively named as bph39(t) and bph40(t). The honeydew area (feeding rate) and days to wilt parameters observed at 30 days after sowing in BC1F3 indicated that newly introgressed genes have both antibiosis and tolerance mechanisms for resistance. The BPH resistance genes identified in this study would facilitate the breeding of broad spectrum and durable resistance in rice against BPH biotype 4.

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