• Manjula Mathur

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Cluster analysis of genes for nitrogen fixation from several diazotrophs

      Manjula Mathur Rakesh Tuli

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Hierarchical clustering and similarity coefficients of pairwise alignments of the published nucleotide sequences of 27nifH genes suggest thatnif genes are as ancient as the archaebacteria and clostridia. The positions ofnifHl ofMethanococcus thermolithotrophicus, nifH3 ofClostridium pasteurianum, nifH3 ofAzotobacter vinelandii andnifH ofFrankia suggest that a variety of lateral transfers may have occurred during evolution ofnifH gene. The genes for type 3 nitrogenase ofA. vinelandii may have diverged early from methanogens and clostridia. A high similarity coefficient with the derived amino acid sequence of type 3 nitrogenase suggests the presence of a functionally similar enzyme inC. pasteurianum. The type 2 nitrogenase genenifH2 of azotobacters seems to have originated recently from the genenifHl for conventional type I nitrogenase. RhizobialnifH genes comprise two closely related but discrete clusters that are in consonance with the plasmid or chromosomal location ofnif genes. The chromosomal and plasmid locatednifH of rhizobia seem to have evolved independently but contemporaneously.

    • Cloning and characterization of an insecticidal crystal protein gene fromBacillus thuringiensis subspecieskenyae

      Hari S. Misra Nivedita P. Khairnar Manjula Mathur N. Vijayalakshmi Ramesh S. Hire T. K. Dongre S. K. Mahajan

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      A sporulating culture ofBacillus thuringiensis subsp.kenyae strain HD549 is toxic to larvae of lepidopteran insect species such asSpodoptera litura, Helicoverpa armigera andPhthorimaea operculella, and a dipteran insect,Culex fatigans. A 1.9-kb DNA fragment, PCR-amplified from HD549 using cryII-gene-specific primers, was cloned and expressed inE. coli. The recombinant protein produced 92% mortality in first-instar larvae ofSpodoptera litura and 86% inhibition of adult emergence inPhthorimaea operculella, but showed very low toxicity againstHelicoverpa armigera, and lower mortality against third-instar larvae of dipteran insectsCulex fatigans, Anopheles stephensi andAedes aegypti. The sequence of the cloned crystal protein gene showed almost complete homology with a mosquitocidal toxin gene fromBacillus thuringiensis var.kurstaki, with only five mutations scattered in different regions. Amino acid alignment with different insecticidal crystal proteins using the MUTALIN program suggested presence of the conserved block 3 region in the sequence of this protein. A mutation in codon 409 of this gene that changes a highly conserved phenylalanine residue to serine lies in this block.

  • Journal of Genetics | News

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2021-2022 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.