• LI ZHANG

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Array-CGH detection of three cryptic submicroscopic imbalances in a complex chromosome rearrangement

      Yanliang Zhang Yong Dai Zhiguang Tu Qiyun Li Li Zhang Linqian Wang

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    • Hsp27gene in Drosophila ananassae subgroup was split by a recently acquired intron

      LI ZHANG HAN KANG SHAN JIN QING TAO ZENG YONG YANG

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      InDrosophila

      , heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is a critical single-copy intron-free nuclear gene involved in the defense responseagainst fungi and bacteria, and is a regulator of adult lifespan. In the present study, 33 homologousHsp27nucleotide sequencesfrom differentDrosophilaspecies were amplified by PCR and reverse transcription PCR, and the phylogenetic relationshipswere analysed using neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and Bayesian methods. The phylogenetic topologies from anal-ysis with different algorithms were similar, suggesting that theHsp27gene was split by a recently acquired intron during theevolution of theDrosophila ananassaesubgroup

    • Computational identification and characterization of novel microRNA in the mammary gland of dairy goat (Capra hircus)

      BO QU YOUWEN QIU ZHEN ZHEN FENG ZHAO CHUNMEI WANG YINGJUN CUI QIZHANG LI LI ZHANG

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      Many studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) influence the development of the mammary gland by posttranscriptionally affecting their target genes. The objective of this research was to identify novel miRNAs in the mammary gland ofdairy goats with a bioinformatics approach that was based on expressed sequence tag (EST) and genome survey sequence (GSS) analyses. We applied all known major mammals, miRNAs to search against the goat EST and GSS databases for the first time to identify new miRNAs. We, then, validated these newly predicted miRNAs with stem–loop reverse transcription followed by a SYBR Green polymerase chain reaction assay. Finally, 29 mature miRNAs were identified and verified, and of these, 14 were grouped into 13 families based on seed sequence identity and 85 potential target genes of newly verified miR-NAs were subsequently predicted, most of which seemed to encode the proteins participating in regulation of metabolism, signal transduction, growth and development. The predicting accuracy of the new miRNAs was 70.37%, which confirmed that the methods used in this study were efficient and reliable. Detailed analyses of the sequence characteristics of the novel miR-NAs of the goat mammary gland were performed. In conclusion, these results provide a reference for further identification of miRNAs in animals without a complete genome and thus improve the understanding of miRNAs in the caprine mammary gland.

    • Transgenic overexpression of BAFF regulates the expression of immune-related genes in zebrafish, Danio rerio

      LI ZHANG CHAO LIU XIN ZHOU YING XIE LIBO SU QI GENG BINGHUI LIU SHUFENG LIU

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      The B-cell activating factor (BAFF) is a member of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily that specifically regulates B lymphocyte proliferation and survival. Excess BAFF leads to overproduction of antibodies for secretion, anti-dsDNA antibodies and a lupus-like syndrome in mice. To investigate whether transgenic overexpression of the zebrafish BAFF leads to immunoglobulin changes and/or early maturing of the immune system, a Tol2-GFP-2A-BAFF/His recombinant plasmid was constructed by inserting a 2A peptide between the green fluorescent protein (GFP) and BAFF sequences. Functional GFP and BAFF proteins were expressed separately and confirmed in HeLa cells. The relative expression of immune-related genes (IgLC-1, IgLC-2, IgLC-3, IgD, IgM and IL-4), early lymphoid markers (Ikaros, Rag-1 and TCRAC), and the protooncogene Bcl-2 were evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in F0 founder of transgenic zebrafish juveniles and adults. Ectopic expression of BAFF in adults was confirmed using Western blots and was shown to upregulate IgLC-1, IgLC- 2, IgD, IgM, IgZ/T, Ikaros, Rag-1, TCRAC, IL-4 and Bcl-2 expression in juveniles on day 21 and IgLC-1, IgLC-2, IgD, IgM, IgZ/T, Rag-1, TCRAC and Bcl-2 expression in zebrafish three months postfertilization. The relative titers of specific IgM against Edwardsiella tarda WED were assessed using modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with the whole body homogenate of zebrafish and demonstrated a significant increase in BAFF-transgenic group. Therefore, our findings provided novel insight into further exploration of modulating adaptive immunity and studying autoimmune diseases caused by regulating BAFF.

    • Ne2 encodes protein(s) and the altered RuBisCO could be the proteomics leader of hybrid necrosis in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

      SI RUI PAN XING LAI PAN QIANYING PAN YIN HONG SHI LI ZHANG YUN FAN YAN RUI XUE

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      Wheat hybrid necrosis is caused by the interaction of two dominant complementary genes, Ne1 and Ne2, located on chromosome arms 5BL and 2BS, respectively. The sequences of Ne1 or Ne2 have not yet been identified. It is also not known whether Ne1 and Ne2 are structural or regulatory genes. Understanding the proteomic pathways may provide a knowledge base for protecting or maximizing the photosynthesis capacity of wheat. Using DIGE and MALDITOF-TOF MS, the flag leaf protein patterns of the two unique F14 near-isogenic line siblings (NILs), the necrotic ShunMai 12Ah (Ne1Ne1Ne2Ne2) and the normal ShunMai 12Af (Ne1Ne1ne2ne2) were compared. Due to the presence or absence of Ne2, (i) three protein spots were expressed or disappeared, (ii) seven RuBisCO-related proteins were altered significantly, and (iii) 21 photosynthesis/glucose related proteins were changed significantly. Three hypotheses were deduced, (i) Ne1 may also encode protein(s), (ii) genetic maladjustment of RuBisCO could lead to early leaf death, and (iii) interactions between nuclear genes and chloroplast genes could determine photosynthetic traits. Our hypothetical model presents the RuBisCO pathway of hybrid necrosis in wheat and explains how Ne1 and Ne2 interact at molecular level.

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