• K. V. PRABHU

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Marker-aided genetic divergence analysis inBrassica

      V. Arunachalam Shefali Verma V. Sujata K. V. Prabhu

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      Genetic divergence was evaluated in 31 breeding lines from fourBrassica species using Mahalanobis'D2. A new method of grouping usingD2 values was used to group the 31 lines, based on diagnostic morphological traits (called morphoqts). Isozyme variation of the individual enzymes esterase and glutamate oxaloacetate was quantified by five parameters (called isoqts) developed earlier. Grouping by the same method was also done based on the isoqts, and the grouping by isozymes was compared with that by morphoqts. Overall, there was an agreement of 73% suggesting that isoqts can be used in the choice of parents and also first stage selection of segregants in the laboratory. It was suggested that such an exercise would help to take care of season-bound and field-related problems of breeding. The new isozyme QTs, within lane variance of relative mobility and relative absorption, accounted for about 50% of the total divergence. The utility of the new method and isoqts in cost-effective breeding were highlighted.

    • Marker-assisted pyramiding of Thinopyrum-derived leaf rust resistance genes Lr19 and Lr24 in bread wheat variety HD2733

      MONA SINGH N. MALLICK S. CHAND P. KUMARI J. B. SHARMA M. SIVASAMY P. JAYAPRAKASH K. V. PRABHU S. K. JHA VINOD

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      This study was undertaken to pyramid two effective leaf rust resistance genes (Lr19 and Lr24) derived from Thinopyrum (syn. Agropyron), in the susceptible, but agronomically superior wheat cultivar HD2733 using marker-assisted selection. In the year 2001, HD2733 was released for irrigated timely sown conditions of the north eastern plains zone (NEPZ) of India became susceptibleto leaf rust, a major disease of the region. Background selection helped in developing near-isogenic lines (NILs) of HD2733 with Lr19 and Lr24 with 97.27 and 98.94%, respectively, of genomic similarity with the parent cultivar, after two backcrossing and one generation of selfing.NILs were intercrossed to combine the genes Lr19 and Lr24. The combination of these two genes in the cultivarHD2733 is expected to provide durable leaf rust resistance in farmers’ fields.

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