Nonrandom segregation ratios of alleles ‘segregation distortion’ can have a striking impact on transmission genetics, and with widespread availability of genetic markers has been shown to be a frequent phenomenon. To investigate the possible effect of genetic interaction on segregation distortion and genetic map construction, the segregation and mapping of genetic markers locatedon wheat chromosomes 1A and 1B were followed in four recombinant substitution line (RSL) populations, produced using four chromosome-arm substitution lines (CASLs 1AS, 1AL, 1BS and 1BL) of wild emmer (Triticum turgidum var. dicoccoides, accession TTD140) in the background of the common wheat (T. aestivum) cultivar Bethlehem (BLH), each crossed to BLH itself. Using these four RSL populations, four genetic maps of chromosome 1 arms were constructed. A total of 22 genetic markers representing 19 loci were assigned to chromosome 1A, and 32 markers representing 30 loci were assigned to 1B. For chromosome 1B, two linkage maps were also constructed using RFLP data of an F2 population derived from the same cross combination as the RSLs. The RSL and F2 maps varied in genetic distances, but showed the same linear order of DNA markers. Segregation analysis revealed strong selection against BLH alleles on chromosome 1B, skewing the allelic frequency distribution in favour of TTD in both F2 and RSL populations at all marker loci. On the contrary, strong selection against TTD alleles on chromosome 1A was detected for some loci in the BLH × CASL1AL RSLs, and their distribution was significantly skewed to BLH. F2 populations always showed more segregation distortion than the corresponding RSLs. More markers near the region of chromosome 1B shared by both CASL1BS and 1BL (∼55 cM on chromosome 1B across the centromere) showed significantly distorted segregation in the BLH × CASL1BL population than in thecorresponding BLH × CASL1BS populations. Six markers located on chromosome 1A region shared by CASL1AS and 1AL showed significantly distorted segregation in 1AL-RSL, while no marker showed distorted segregation in 1AS-RSL. These results indicated that genetic factor(s) in the centromere region cause the distorted segregation of genetic markers on wheat chromosome 1B.