Arabis paniculata has been reported as a hyperaccumulator and functions in cadmium (Cd) tolerance and accumulation. However, the genes involved in Cd stress resistance in A. paniculata are still unknown. In this work, genes of the natural resistanceassociated macrophage proteins (NRAMPs) were characterized in A. paniculata, and their evolutionary relationship and expression patterns were analysed. Expression profiles indicated that ApNRAMPs showed large differences in response to Cd stress. It was highly induced by Cd in root and shoot tissues. To investigate the function of ApNRAMP4 under Cd stress, ApNRAMP4 was cloned and expressed in yeast and Arabidopsis. The results indicated that yeast and Arabidopsis expressing ApNRAMP4 showed normal growth under Cd stress. In addition, transgenic yeast and Arabidopsis showed the ability to concentrate Cd. Under 20 μM CdCl2, Cd concentrations in wild type (WT) and transgenic yeast were 3.11 and 5.92 mg/kg, respectively. Cd concentrations in root tissues of WTand transgenic Arabidopsis were 0.18 and0.54 mg/kg, respectively. In shoot tissues of WT and transgenic Arabidopsis, Cd concentrations were 0.13 and 0.49 mg/kg, respectively. This report provides genomic information on hyperaccumulator A. paniculata. In addition, the present work identified key NRAMP genes that may serve as resources for heavy metal phytoremediation.