• HARISH KUMAR

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Genetic dissection of grain iron and zinc concentrations in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.)

      HARISH KUMAR AKANKSHA SINGH H. K. DIKSHIT GYAN P. MISHRA M. ASKI MAHESH C. MEENA SHIV KUMAR

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      Iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) deficiencies are wide spread in South Asia and Africa. Biofortification of food crops is a viable means of addressing micronutrient deficiencies. Lentil is an important pulse crop that provides affordable source of proteins, minerals, fibre and carbohydrates for micronutrient deficient countries. An association mapping (AM) panel of 96 diverse lentil genotypes fromIndia and Mediterranean region was evaluated for three seasons and genotyped using 80 polymorphic simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers for identification of the markers associated with grain Fe and Zn concentrations. A Bayesian model based clustering identified five subpopulations, adequately explaining the genetic structure of the AM panel. The linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis usingmixed linear model (MLM) identified two SSR markers, GLLC106 and GLLC108, associated with grain Fe concentration explaining 17% and 6% phenotypic variation, respectively and three SSR markers (PBALC 364, PBALC 92 and GLLC592) associated with grain Zn concentration, explaining 6%, 8% and 13% phenotypic variation, respectively. The identified SSRs exhibited consistentperformance across three seasons and have potential for utilization in lentil molecular breeding programme.

    • Molecular mapping of CLCuD resistance introgressed from synthetic cotton polyploid in upland cotton

      SURUCHI VIJ DHARMINDER PATHAK PANKAJ RATHORE HARISH KUMAR P. S. SEKHON DHARMINDER BHATIA PARVEEN CHHUNEJA KULDEEP SINGH

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      Cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD), caused by a geminivirus complex, is the most serious disease of upland cotton in northwest India and Pakistan. It results in substantial losses in cotton yield and fibre quality. Due to continuous appearance of new viral strains, all the established CLCuD resistant stocks, extant and obsolete cultivars of upland cotton have become susceptible. Therefore, it became crucial to explore the novel sources of CLCuD resistance, as development of CLCuD resistant varieties is the most practical approach to manage this menace. Here, for the first time, we report introgression and mapping of CLCuD resistance from a ‘synthetic cotton polyploid’ to uplandcotton. A backcross population (synthetic polyploid / Gossypium hirsutum Acc. PIL 43/G. hirsutum Acc. PIL 43) was developed for studying inheritance and mapping of CLCuD resistance. Dominance of CLCuD resistance was observed over its susceptibility. Two dominant genes were found to confer resistance to CLCuD. Molecular analysis through genotyping-by-sequencing revealed that chromosomes A01 and D07 harboured one CLCuD resistance gene each.

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