• HADIA GUL

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Molecular genetic analysis of consanguineous families with primary microcephaly identified pathogenic variants in the ASPM gene

      MUZAMMIL AHMAD KHAN CHRISTIAN WINDPASSINGER MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN ALI MUHAMMAD ZUBAIR HADIA GUL SAFDAR ABBAS SAADULLAH KHAN MUHAMMAD BADAR RAMZI M. MOHAMMAD ZAFAR NAWAZ

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      Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by reduced head circumference and a varying degree of intellectual disability. Genetic studies on consanguineous families with primary microcephaly have identified 15 (MCPH) causative genes that include MCPH1, WDR62, CDK5RAP2, CASC5, ASPM, CENPJ, STIL, CEP135,CEP152, ZNF335, PHC1, CDK6, CENPE, SASS6 MFSD2A ANKLE2 and CIT (Khan et al. 2014; Yamamoto et al. 2014; Alakbarzade et al. 2015;Morris-Rosendahl and Kaindl 2015; Basit et al. 2016). Physiologically, most of these MCPH proteins are involved in cell cycle and its regulation. In the present clinical genetic study, we have present two consanguineous Pakistanifamilies segregating primary microcephaly and intellectual disability. These families were ascertained from the Saraiki ethnic part of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Whole exome sequencing in one family revealed a novel 1-bp deletion NM_018136.4: c.10013delA (p.Asp3338Valfs*2), while the other family showed a previously reported nonsense mutation NM_018136.4: c.9730C>T (rs199422195 (p.Arg3244*)) in ASPM gene. The novel frame-shift mutation (p.Asp3338Valfs*2) in ASPM presumably truncates the protein synthesis that results in loss of armadillo-type fold domain.

    • Homozygosity mapping coupled with whole-exome sequencing and protein modelling identified a novel missense mutation in GUCY2D in a consanguineous Pakistani family with Leber congenital amaurosis

      HADIA GUL ABDUL HALEEM SHAH RICARDO HARRIPAUL SUMRA WAJID ABBASI MUHAMMAD FAHEEM MUHAMMAD ZUBAIR MUHAMMAD MUZAMMAL SAADULLAH KHAN JOHN B. VINCENT MUZAMMIL AHMAD KHAN

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      Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a rare form of early onset vision loss or blindness due to retinal dystrophy. This condition is characterized by early vision loss, nystagmus and severe retinal dysfunction. To date, genetic studies have reported 19 genes to be associated with autosomal recessive LCA, most of which are involved in the retinal morphology and the physiology of the phototransduction pathway. In the current study, a large consanguineous family segregating congenital blindness was ascertained from the Dera IsmailKhan region of Pakistan. Genetic analysis was performed through genomewide SNP genotyping (for homozygosity-by-descent mapping), whole-exome sequencing (for mutation identification) and Sanger sequencing (for segregation analysis). In silico structural predictions were performed through SWISS-Model (structure prediction) and ClusPro (molecular docking). Molecular investigation of the present LCA family identified a novel homozygous missense mutation p.Asp306Val in GUCY2D gene (NM_000180.3:c.917A>T). In silico structuralmodelling and interaction studies predicted significant changes in protein folding and interacting residues. The present molecular genetic study further extends the mutational spectrum of GUCY2D in LCA, and its genetic heterogeneity in the Pakistani population. The findings of the computational studies on protein structure and interaction profile predicted pathogenic consequences of p.Asp306Val on GUCY2D function.

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