H. C. Lohithaswa
Articles written in Journal of Genetics
Volume 94 Issue 4 December 2015 pp 741-748 Research Article
Sorghum downy mildew caused by
Volume 97 Online resources December 2018 pp e117-e138 ONLINE RESOURCES
The expressed sequence tags (ESTs) of common bean were BLAST aligned with barred medic genome sequence and developed 1196 conserved intron spanning primers (CISPs) to facilitate genetic studies in legumes. Randomly selected 288 CISPs, representing loci on barrel medic genome, were tested on 10 selected members of legume family. On the source taxa, the highest single copy amplification success rates of 61.8% (barrel medic) and 56.2% (common bean) was obtained. The success rate of markers was 54.5% in cowpea followed by 53.5% in pigeonpea and chickpea, signifying cross taxon amplification and their potential use in comparative genomics. However, relatively low percentages of primer set amplified (40–43%) in soybean, urdbean and peanut. Further, these primers were tested on different varieties of chickpea, pigeonpea and cowpea. The PCR products were sequenced and aligned which resulted in detection of 26 SNPs and eight INDeLs in cowpea, seven SNPs and two INDeLs in chickpea and 27 SNPs and 14 INDeLs in pigeonpea. These SNPs were successfully converted in to size variation for gel-based genotyping. The CISP markers developed in this study are expected to aid in map saturation of legumes and in marker-assisted selection for accelerated crop improvement.
Volume 99 All articles Published: 5 November 2020 Article ID 0083 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Fusarium stalk rot disease (FSR) of maize caused by
Volume 100 All articles Published: 21 October 2021 Article ID 0075 RESOURCES
Compared to cereal crops several legumes are less characterized at the genomic level and rightly referred as orphan crops. Transfer of knowledge between model and crop legumes allows development of orthologous pan-taxon genomic tools to benefit research on resource poor taxa. Here, we developed 278 intron flanking gene-specific markers by BLAST aligning pigeonpea (
Volume 101 All articles Published: 26 July 2022 Article ID 0033 RESEARCH ARTICLE
The reproductive stage in many crops, including maize, is very sensitive to heat stress and the genetic overlap between gametophytic and sporophytic phase gives an opportunity to select superior stress tolerant genotype at gametophytic stage. An attempt was made to evaluate the response of cyclic pollen selection in the F1 and F2 generations on the performance of F3 generation progenies for seed yield and yield contributing traits under natural heat stress conditions. In this direction three groups of F3 progenies, namely (i) pollen selection in F1 and F2 generations (GG), (ii) pollen selection only in F2 generation (CG), (iii) no pollen selection in F1 and F2 generations (CC) were screened for heat stress at Agricultural Research Station (ARS), Bheemarayanagudi. The GG progenies recorded significantly higher chlorophyll content, more number of pollen grains per anther and less pollen sterility compared to CG and CC group of progeniesunder heat stress. Further, the F4 progenies obtained through cyclic pollen selection (in F1, F2 and F3) were also tested for heat stress tolerance at seedling stage. The significant improvement for heat stress tolerance was recorded in F4 progenies derived through cyclic pollen selection as compared to control (no pollen selection for heat tolerance in any generation) F4 progenies. The results indicated that cyclic pollen selection in F1, F2 and F3 generations improved the heat stress tolerance of the progenies in the succeeding generations. To provide genetic evidence for the effect of pollen selection for heat tolerance, the control F2 (C) and selected F2 (G) populations were compared for the segregation of SSR markers. The selected F2 (G) population showed significant deviation from normal Mendelian ratio of 1:2:1 and showed skewness towards the alleles selected from male parent. The results provide strong evidence for an increase in the frequency of parental alleles in the progenies that impart heat stress tolerance.
Volume 101, 2022
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