• Freddy Bugge Christiansen

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • The deviation from linkage equilibrium with multiple loci varying in a stepping-stone cline

      Freddy Bugge Christiansen

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The balance between the creation of associations between alleles at different loci by immigration and the convergence to linkage equilibrium due to the recombination process is studied in a theoretical model. The geographical structure of the model is a stepping-stone chain of populations linking two genetically constant source populations. The model assumes an arbitrary number of autosomal loci and considers genetic variation (two alleles at each locus) that is not subject to natural selection. The gene frequencies at each locus will then show a linear cline through the stepping-stone chain of populations. The deviation from linkage equilibrium through the stepping-stone cline is characterized by an equation for linear measures that provide the linkage disequilibrium measures for a given set of loci in terms of the gene frequencies and the linkage disequilibria in the source populations and in terms of the linkage disequilibrium measures through the cline for lower numbers of loci. Numerical examples of this iterative solution are given, and it is shown that the build-up of the higher order Bennett-disequilibria through the cline is considerably more pronounced than the build-up of two-locus disequilibria.

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