• DHARMINDER BHATIA

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Eighty years of gene-for-gene relationship and its applications in identification and utilization of R genes

      BHAVJOT KAUR DHARMINDER BHATIA G. S. MAVI

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      The gene-for-gene relationship of host–pathogen interaction explained by H. H. Flor in mid of the 20th century set a milestone in understanding the biochemical and genetic basis of plant diseases and several components involved in plant–pathogen interactions. It highlighted the importance of accomplishing differential sets and understanding the pathogen population structure, it further led to theidentification and cloning of several resistance (R) genes in plants. These R genes have been deployed and altered for fighting against diseases in a large number of crops using various conventional approaches and biotechnological tools. Identification of R genes and their corresponding Avr genes in many cases played a significant role in understanding of R-Avr gene interactions. Rapid cloning of R genes and editing of susceptible R genes are the other avenues that have broadened the horizon of utilizing R genes in crop improvement programmes. Further, combining R genes with quantitative disease resistance genes has paved the way to develop durable resistance in cultivars. Therecent advances in genetics, genomics, bioinformatics and other OMICS tools are now providing greater prospects for deeper understanding of host–pathogen interaction.

    • Molecular mapping of CLCuD resistance introgressed from synthetic cotton polyploid in upland cotton

      SURUCHI VIJ DHARMINDER PATHAK PANKAJ RATHORE HARISH KUMAR P. S. SEKHON DHARMINDER BHATIA PARVEEN CHHUNEJA KULDEEP SINGH

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      Cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD), caused by a geminivirus complex, is the most serious disease of upland cotton in northwest India and Pakistan. It results in substantial losses in cotton yield and fibre quality. Due to continuous appearance of new viral strains, all the established CLCuD resistant stocks, extant and obsolete cultivars of upland cotton have become susceptible. Therefore, it became crucial to explore the novel sources of CLCuD resistance, as development of CLCuD resistant varieties is the most practical approach to manage this menace. Here, for the first time, we report introgression and mapping of CLCuD resistance from a ‘synthetic cotton polyploid’ to uplandcotton. A backcross population (synthetic polyploid / Gossypium hirsutum Acc. PIL 43/G. hirsutum Acc. PIL 43) was developed for studying inheritance and mapping of CLCuD resistance. Dominance of CLCuD resistance was observed over its susceptibility. Two dominant genes were found to confer resistance to CLCuD. Molecular analysis through genotyping-by-sequencing revealed that chromosomes A01 and D07 harboured one CLCuD resistance gene each.

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