• Chuanxiang Liu

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Isolation, characterization and mapping of genes differentially expressed during fibre development between Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense by cDNA-SRAP

      Chuanxiang Liu Daojun Yuan Xianlong Zhang Zhongxu Lin

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      Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense are two cultivated tetraploid cotton species with differences in fibre quality. The fibre of G. barbadense is longer, stronger and finer than that of G. hirsutum. To isolate genes expressed differently between the two species during fibre development, cDNA-SRAP (sequence-related amplified polymorphism) was applied. This technique was used to analyse genes at different stages of fibre development in G. hirsutum cv. Emian22 and G. barbadense acc. 3-79, the parents of our interspecific mapping population. A total of 4096 SRAP primer combinations were used to screen polymorphism between the DNA of the parents, and 275 highly polymorphic primers were picked out to analyse DNA and RNA from leaves and fibres at different developmental stages of the parents. A total of 168 DNA fragments were isolated from gels and sequenced: 54, 30, 38 and 41 from fibres of 5, 10, 15 and 20 days post-anthesis, respectively, and five from multi stages. To genetically map these sequences, 104 sequence-specific primers were developed and were used to screened polymorphism between the mapping parents. Finally, six markers were mapped on six chromosomes of our backbone interspecific genetic map. This work can give us a primary knowledge of differences in mechanism of fibre development between G. hirsutum and G. barbadense.

    • Construction of an EST-SSR-based interspecific transcriptome linkage map of fibre development in cotton

      Chuanxiang Liu Daojun Yuan Zhongxu Lin

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      Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping is an important method in marker-assisted selection breeding. Many studies on the QTLs focus on cotton fibre yield and quality; however, most are conducted at the DNA level, which may reveal null QTLs. Hence, QTL mapping based on transcriptome maps at the cDNA level is often more reliable. In this study, an interspecific transcriptome map of allotetraploid cotton was developed based on an F2 population (Emian22 × 3-79) by amplifying cDNA using EST-SSRs. The map was constructed using cDNA obtained from developing fibres at five days post anthesis (DPA). A total of 1270 EST-SSRs were screened for polymorphisms between the mapping parents. The resulting transcriptome linkage map contained 242 markers that were distributed in 32 linkage groups (26 chromosomes). The full length of this map is 1938.72 cM with a mean marker distance of 8.01 cM. The functions of some ESTs have been annotated by exploring homologous sequences. Some markers were related to the differentiation and elongation of cotton fibre, while most were related to the basic metabolism. This study demonstrates that constructing a transcriptome linkage map by amplifying cDNAs using EST-SSRs is a simple and practical method as well as a powerful tool to map eQTLs for fibre quality and other traits in cotton.

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