• CHINMAY KUMAR PANDA

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Frequent alterations of SLIT2–ROBO1–CDC42 signalling pathway in breast cancer: clinicopathological correlation

      RITTWIKA BHATTACHARYA NUPUR MUKHERJEE HEMANTIKA DASGUPTA MD. SAIMUL ISLAM NEYAZ ALAM ANUP ROY PRIYOBRATA DAS SUSANTA ROY CHOUDHURY CHINMAY KUMAR PANDA

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      The aim of the study was to understand the role of SLIT2–ROBO1/2–CDC42 signalling pathways in development of breast cancer (BC). Primary BC samples (n = 150), comprising of almost equal proportion of four subtypes were tested for molecular alterations of SLIT2, ROBO1, ROBO2 and CDC42, the key regulator genes of this pathway. Deletion and methylation frequencies of the candidate genes were seen in the following order: deletion, SLIT2 (38.6%) > ROBO1 (30%)> ROBO2 (7.3%); methylation, SLIT2 (63.3%) > ROBO1 (26.6%) >ROBO2 (9.3%). Majority (80%, 120/150) of the tumours showed alterations (deletion/methylation) in at least one of the candidate genes. Overall, alterations of the candidate genes were as follows: SLIT2, 75.3% (101/150); ROBO1, 45.3% (68/150); ROBO2, 15.3% (23/150). Significantly, higher alteration of SLIT2 locus was observed in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) over HER2 subtype (P = 0.0014). Similar trend is also seen in overall alterations of SLIT2 and/or ROBO1, in TNBC than HER2 subtype (P = 0.0012); of SLIT2 and/or ROBO2 in TNBC than luminal A (P = 0.014) and HER2 subtype (P = 0.048). Immunohistochemical analysis of SLIT2, ROBO1/2 showed reduced expression, concordant with their molecular alterations. Also, high expression of total CDC42 (49/52; 94.2%) and reduced expression of phospho Serine-71 CDC42 (41/52; 78.8%) was observed. Coalterations of SLIT2 and/or ROBO1, SLIT2 and/or ROBO2 had significant association with reduced expression of phospho Serine-71 CDC42 (P = 0.0012–0.0038). Alterations of SLIT2 and/or ROBO1, reduced expression of phospho Serine-71 CDC42 predicted poor survival of BC patients. Results indicate the importance of SLIT2–ROBO1–CDC42 signalling pathway in predicting tumour progression.

    • PTPRJ is downregulated in cervical squamous cell carcinoma

      ANIRBAN ROYCHOWDHURY MUKTA BASU DEBOLINA PAL PRIYANKA DUTTA SUDIP SAMADDER MONDAL ANUP KUMAR ROY SUSANTA ROYCHOUDHURY CHINMAY KUMAR PANDA

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      Squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix (CSCC) is one of the leading causes of death in Indian women. Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor (PTPR) type J (also known as DEP1) is a recently reported tumour suppressor receptor phosphatase. Critical molecular analysis of PTPRJ/DEP1 (11p11.2) has not performed in CSCC to date. Here, we observed frequent downregulation of cancer samples (n=31) at the transcriptional level. Immunohistochemistry revealed concordant low expression of PTPRJ protein with a few samples showing intermediate expression. To probe for the cause of such downregulation of the gene in CSCC (n=155), we analysed the copy number and promoter methylation of PTPRJ. The genetic locus showed deletion (14.8%) and the promoter showed methylation (33.5%) of PTPRJ. To the best of our knowledge, for the first time we explored the molecular status of PTPRJ although we observed no statistically significant association with the prognosis of Indian CSCC patients (n=76). However, we observed enhanced expression ofPTPRJ protein levels that contributes to effective cisplatin chemotherapy in the SiHa cell line. Thus, the present study paves the way for further research into the plausible mechanisms of downregulation of PTPRJ in cervical cancer.

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