• B. N. Sarkar

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Deciphering diversity in populations of various linguistic and ethnic affiliations of different geographical regions of India: Analysis based on 15 microsatellite markers

      V. K. Kashyap Richa Ashma Sonali Gaikwad B. N. Sarkar R. Trivedi

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      The extent of genetic polymorphism at fifteen autosomal microsatellite markers in 54 ethnically, linguistically and geographically diverse human populations of India was studied to decipher intrapopulation diversity. The parameters used to quantify intrapopulation diversity were average allele diversity, average heterozygosity, allele range (base pairs), and number of alleles. Multilocus genotype frequencies calculated for selected populations were utilized for testing conformity with the assumption of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The exact test values, after Bonferroni correction, showed significant deviation amongst Gowda (vWA, Penta E); Dhangar, Satnami and Gounder (D8S1179); Hmar (FGA); Kuki and Balti (vWA) groups. Relatively low number of alleles and allelic diversity (base-pairs size) had been observed in populations of central India as compared with southern and northern regions of the country. The communities of Indo-Caucasoid ethnic origin and Indo-European linguistic family (Kshatriya of Uttar Pradesh) showed highest allelic diversity, as well as rare alleles, not reported in any other Indian populations. Analysis based on average heterozygosity was also found to be lowest among the populations of central India (0.729) and highest among the populations from north (0.777) and west (0.784) regions of the country, having Indo-Caucasoid ethnic origin and Austro-Asiatic linguistic affiliation. The maximum power of discrimination (85%-89%) had been observed at loci FGA, Penta E, D18S51 and D21S11, suggested high intrapopulation diversity in India. Genetic diversity revealed by STR markers was consistent with the known demographic histories of populations. Thus, the present study clearly demonstrated that the intrapopulation diversity is not only present at the national level, but also within smaller geographical regions of the country. This is the first attempt to understand the extent of diversity within populations of India at such a large scale at genomic level.

    • Glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 null genotype frequency distribution among four tribal populations of western India

      PREM CHANDRA SUTHAR PULAKES PURKAIT KIRAN UTTARAVALLI B. N. SARKAR RAKSHIT AMETA MITHUN SIKDAR

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      Glutathione S-transferase (GST) family is a key contributor in the detoxification mechanism of our body.Deletion of the genes within this family has been reported in the failure of detoxification system, to some extent leading to various types of cancers and other life threatening diseases. The existing data and reports on the association of null genotype of both GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes for various diseases are inconsistent. But knowledge of the polymorphic distributions of genotypes in different populations is important for investigating the risk factors in different epidemiological studies. The present study thus aims to determine thefrequency of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotype frequency among four tribal groups, i.e. Mina, Garasia, Damor and Saharia of western India. A comparative analysis with different tribal as well as world population has also been undertaken to have a view of its worldwide frequency distribution. Our results reveal a frequency distribution varying from 22.6% to 66.9% with respect to GSTM1gene polymorphism and from 19.1% to 33.0% with respect to GSTT1 gene in the studied populations. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report on the GSTM1 and GSTT1 frequency distribution among the tribal population of western India and our study shows that the Mina tribal population has the highest frequency of GSTM1.

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