• Vijay K Agarwal

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Horizontal moisture distribution from TIROS-N high resolution infrared sounder (HIRS)

      Vijay K Agarwal Ashajayanthi Loganathan

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      A direct linear relationship between water vapour content of lower, middle and upper-middle troposphere respectively with the radiances for 8.3, 7.3 and 6.7 μm spectral observations has been attempted. From the atmospheric simulations such a relationship is found to exist with a good degree of correlation and is seen to be quite insensitive to temperature changes. Such an approach is used to interpret the water vapour imageries obtained from TIROS-N sounder through construction of detailed water vapour distribution maps.

    • Intercomparison of IRS-P4-MSMR derived geophysical products with DMSP-SSM/I and TRMM-TMI finished products

      A K Varma R M Gairola A K Mathur B S Gohil Vijay K Agarwal

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      In this paper, MSMR geophysical products like Integrated Water Vapour (IWV), Ocean Surface Wind Speed (OWS) and Cloud Liquid Water (CLW) in different grids of 50, 75 and 150 kms are compared with similar products available from other satellites like DMSP-SSM/I and TRMMTMI. MSMR derived IWV, OWS and CLW compare well with SSM/I and TMI finished products. Comparison of MSMR derived CLW with that derived from TMI and SSM/I is relatively in less agreement. This is possibly due to the use of 37 GHz in SSM/I and TMI that is highly sensitive to CLW, while 37 GHz channels are not available on MSMR. Monthly comparison of MSMR geophysical products with those from TMI is all carried out for climatological purpose. The monthly comparisons were much better compared to instantaneous comparisons. In this paper, details of the data analysis and comparison results are presented. The usefulness of the MSMR vis-à-vis other sensors is also discussed.

    • Rain rate measurements over global oceans from IRS-P4 MSMR

      A K Varma R M Gairola Samir Pokhrel B S Gohil A K Mathur Vijay K Agarwal

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      In this paper rain estimation capability of MSMR is explored. MSMR brightness temperature data of six channels corresponding to three frequencies of 10, 18 and 21 GHz are colocated with the TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) derived rain rates to find a new empirical algorithm for rain rate by multiple regression. Multiple correlation analysis involving various combinations of channels in linear and non-linear forms and rain rate from TMI is carried out, and thus the best possible algorithm for rain rate measurement was identified which involved V and H polarized brightness temperature measurements at 10 and 18 GHz channels. This algorithm explained about 82 per cent correlation (r) with rain rate, and 1.61 mm h-1 of error of estimation.

      Further, this algorithm is used for generating global average rain rate map for two contrasting months of August (2000) and January (2001) of northern and southern hemispheric summers, respectively. MSMR derived monthly averaged rain rates are compared with similar estimates from TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR), and it was found that MSMR derived rain rates match well, quantitatively and qualitatively, with that from PR.

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