• V Satyan

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Aircraft measurements of SST using IR-radiometer and temperature corrections due to atmospheric effects

      H S S Sinha S V Kasture V Satyan R M Pandya P A Solanki

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      Using an airborne scanning IR-radiometer, measurements of sea surface temperature (SST) were made from nine different levels in the Sandheads region of the Bay of Bengal on 5 October 1978. To retrieve SST from the observed radiances a temperature correction scheme, which uses the radiosonde data in the vicinity of flight area, has been generated. Atmospheric effects which have been considered include absorption due to water vapour and carbon dioxide, and the re-emission from different atmospheric layers. The radiances observed at different altitudes when corrected by our scheme yield a fairly consistent value of SST. The special ship measurements of SST, at the same location, are found to have very good agreement with the SST retrieved from the observed radiances using our scheme. The temperature corrections turn out to be 0·3 and 3·3°C at 600 and 3000 meters respectively for the type of atmosphere which has been used in our study.

    • Shift of quasi-stationary flow features during active and break monsoons

      R N Keshavamurty V Satyan S K Dash H S S Sinha

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      During our search for dynamical differences in monsoon flows between the active and break phases of the monsoon, we noticed some interesting differences which may have some dynamical significance and do not appear to have been highlighted so far. There appear to be shifts of quasi-stationary flow features both in the lower and upper tropospheres.

    • Envelope soliton solution for finite amplitude equatorial waves

      R K Jain B N Goswami V Satyan R N Keshavamurty

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      Using shallow water equations on an equatorial beta plane, the nonlinear dynamics of the equatorial waves is investigated. A general mathematical procedure to study the nonlinear dynamics of these waves is developed using the asymptotic method of multiple scales. On faster temporal and spatial scales the equations describe the equatorial wavesviz, the Rossby waves, Rossby gravity waves, the inertia gravity waves and the Kelvin waves. Assuming that the amplitude of these waves are functions of slower time and space scales, it is shown that the evolution of the amplitude of these waves is governed by the nonlinear Schrodinger equation. It is then shown that for the dispersive waves like Rossby waves and Rossby-gravity waves, the envelope of the amplitude of the waves has a ‘soliton’ structure.

    • Is there an attractor for the Indian summer monsoon?

      V Satyan

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      Aperiodicity in the time series of Indian summer rainfall for 116 years is analysed using the phase space approach. The question whether a low-dimensional strange attractor is associated with the chaotic behaviour of the monsoon system is investigated. It is found that a strange attractor of dimensionality around 5·1 exists and the system has 12 relevant degrees of freedom.

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