Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Nature of spatial heterogeneity of the coastal, marine ecoregions along the eastern coast of India


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      The global marine environment is highly heterogeneous although the nature of heterogeneity can vary spatially. In this study, the nature and extent of spatial heterogeneity of the coastal, marine ecoregions along the Central-Eastern and South-Eastern coast of India (parts of Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry andTamil Nadu) was studied, which represent two different – Central-Eastern, and South-Eastern – coastal ecoregions. Several environmental (e.g., salinity, temperature, and nutrients of the ocean water, etc.) and physical (e.g., substrate type, energy condition of the coast) parameters were measured (quantitative aswell as semi-quantitative approach) and analysed by using several bivariate and multivariate methods. Our results clearly point out that the Central-Eastern, and South-Eastern marine, coastal ecoregions of India are highly heterogeneous among themselves, and even smaller ecoregions (i.e., sub-ecoregions)within each of these larger ecoregions are also different from each other. Thus, each of these ecoregions is internally highly heterogeneous. In addition, there is no consistent spatio-latitudinal change in the environmental variables along the eastern coast of India.

    • Early Permian macroinvertebrate assemblages from the Siang and Subansiri districts, Arunachal Pradesh: Implications on the regional stratigraphy, palaeoenvironment, palaeoecology, and palaeobiogeography


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      The Early Permian marine strata exposed at the Siang and Subansiri districts, Arunachal Pradesh are known for brachiopod and molluscan fossils. A stratigraphic review and palaeoenvironmental, palaeoecological, and palaeobiogeographic interpretation of these Early Permian fossils have been dealt here on the basis of additional fossil and rock materials. Our study confirms the following: (1) the brachiopod-dominated assemblage represents Early Permian, most likely the Sakmarian and younger, age; (2) all marine fossils were suspension feeding groups, representing normal marine condition. Based on the associated sediments and ecologies of taxa, the autecology of the assemblage represents an oxic, soft substrate condition, typical of shallow shelf environment; the plant remains of the upper Khelong/Bhareli Formation, however, indicate a coastal environment; (3) the depositional paleoenvironment indicates the waning phase of a marine glacial episode; and (4) this Early Permian bivalve-brachiopod assemblage show Gondwanan affinity, having strong faunal similarity with the East and West Australia, Nepal and North India (Kashmir) which were part of the Indoralian Province.

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