• S Rajamani

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • An efficient optimum interpolation scheme for objective analysis over Indian region

      S K Sinha S G Narkhedkar S Rajamani

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      In the optimum interpolation scheme, the weights for the observations are computed by solving a set of linear equations for every grid point. As the number of observations increases particularly over data-rich regions, the matrix dimension increases and the computer time required to solve these equations to determine weights increases considerably. In order to reduce the computer time for computing the weights, Tanguay and Robert suggested schemes in which the gaussian function representing the autocorrelation function has been approximated by a second-order and also by a fourth-order Taylor series expansion. This resulted in the solution of matrices of order 4 or 9 respectively to obtain weighting functions irrespective of the number of observations used in the analysis. In the present study, the analyses of mean sea level pressure and geopotential height at 700 mbar level have been carried out for five days using the above two schemes and the regular OI scheme. The analyses are found to be similar in all the three cases suggesting that a lot of computer time could be saved without sacrificing the analysis accuracy by using the modified scheme in which the second-order approximation is utilized.

    • Use of satellite data for radiative energy budget study of Indian summer monsoon

      P N Mahajan G R Chinthalu S Rajamani

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      In this paper satellite-derived radiative energy budget such as shortwave radiative heating, longwave radiative heating and net radiation balance have been studied for the post-onset phase of summer monsoon 1979. Since clouds play an important role in determining diabatic heating field as well as being a reflection of status of the monsoon itself, the day to day evolution of clouds from TIROS-N satellite has been made. Satellite-derived radiative heating rates from surface to 100 hPa were computed for each 100 hPa thickness layer. These heating rates were then compared with the observed latitudinal distribution of total radiative heating rates over the domain of the study.

      From the results of our study it was found that the characteristic features such as net radiative heating rates of the order of 0.2°C/day at upper tropospheric layer (100–200 hPa) and cooling throughout the lower tropospheric layers with relatively less cooling between 500–700 hPa layer observed in a case of satellite-derived radiative energy budget agree well with the characteristic features of observational radiative energy budget over the domain of the study. Therefore, it is suggested that radiative energy budget derived from satellite observations can be used with great potential and confidence for the evolution of the complete life cycle of the monsoon over the Indian region for different years.

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