Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Evaluating the seismic hazard to Sikkim region of Himalaya using simulated accelerograms


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      The 2011 Sikkim earthquake (M 6.9) of the Himalaya has shown that a moderate size earthquake may also cause severe damage to the region. Simulated accelerograms using a modified hybrid technique have been generated at spatially distributed 702 points for a moderate size (M 6.9) earthquake in the Sikkim region of Himalaya to evaluate the seismic hazard in the region. The peak ground acceleration (PGA) values and response spectra have been derived from the simulated accelerograms. The synthetic PGA values, corresponding modified mercalli (MM) intensity values and response spectral acceleration values have been contoured to present the scenario hazard maps of the region. A PGA value of 400 cm/s$^2$ has been estimated in the region near the epicentre of the earthquake. The response spectral acceleration values for five periods corresponding to the natural period (T) of single-storey buildings, double-storey buildings, 3–4 storey buildings, tall buildings and high-rise buildings have been obtained. The maximum values of response spectral accelerations estimated in the centre of meizoseismal zone are 1200 cm/s$^2$ (T = 0.1 s), 1800 cm/s$^2$ (T = 0.2 s), 900 cm/s$^2$ (T = 0.5 s), 800 cm/s$^2$ (T = 1.0 s) and 80 cm/s$^2$ (T = 6 s). The decay curves show that PGA values in the west direction are lower as compared to the values in other directions at similar distances. Also, it has been observed that the PGA and spectral acceleration values decay slowly in the west direction compared to other directions. The scenario hazard maps present here are expected to be useful for mitigating seismic hazards from the region as these maps indicate the damage potential due to future moderate size earthquakes in the region.


      $\bullet$ The application of a modified hybrid technique has been presented to evaluate the seismic hazard based on simulating accelerograms for a moderate size earthquake in the Sikkim region of Himalaya.

      $\bullet$ The synthetic accelerograms have been generated at 702 points distributed spatially on a grid.

      $\bullet$ The scenario hazard maps showing the spatial distribution of PGA values, MM intensity values and response spectral acceleration values at different periods.

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