• Kantimati G Kulkarni

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Molluscan fauna from the Miocene sediments of Kachchh, Gujarat, India – Part 3. Gastropods

      Kantimati G Kulkarni Satarupa Bhattacharjee Kapoor Vidyadhar D Borkar

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      Systematic description of 25 gastropod species from the Khari Nadi Formation (Aquitanian) and Chhasra Formation (Burdigalian) from the Kachchh District, Gujarat, India is given. A checklist of 116 forms including those reported by earlier researchers, emending taxonomic identifications wherever necessary, is also provided. Vredenburg had referred these two formations together as ‘the Gaj Beds of Kachchh’. He noticed the affinity of molluscs among the Miocene deposits of Kachchh and Kathiawar regions of Gujarat, and Sind province of Pakistan. He also observed that molluscs from his ‘Lower Gaj’ and ‘Upper Gaj’ Formations showed relationship respectively with the Rembang (Aquitanian) and Njalindung (Burdigalian) series of the East Indies. Aquitanian and Burdigalian ages assigned by him were later substantiated by Raju on the basis of foraminifera. Present studies corroborated that the molluscan assemblage from the Miocene rocks of Kachchh is closely related to that from the Gaj Beds of Sind and the Ashapura Clay Member of Kathiawar; besides revealing that the fauna from these three formations taken together is essentially endemic. Discovery of certain species from the Quilon Beds in the Miocene of Kachchh evinces a close affinity between these two formations. The present fauna includes five extant forms, while 29 forms have related species in the Recent fauna.

    • Significance of Lockeia and associated trace fossils from the Bada Bagh Member, Jaisalmer Formation, Rajasthan

      Amruta R Paranjape Kantimati G Kulkarni Shweta S Gurav

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      A Lockeia-Protovirgularia ichnofauna representing the Cruziana ichnofacies is reported from a calcareous sandstone horizon of the Callovian Bada Bagh Member, Jaisalmer Formation, Rajasthan. The ichnoassemblage is characterized by Lockeia cunctator, L. siliquaria, Protovirgularia ?bidirectionalis, P. rugosa, Ptychoplasma vagans along with Palaeophycus tubularis, P. striatus, Heliophycus isp. And Lophoctenium isp. Use of numerical analysis yielding length to width ratio, slopes and coefficient of determination helps in confirming identification of ichnospecies of Lockeia. Fine morphological details of Lockeia and Protovirgularia, especially sharp and closely spaced chevrons of Protovirgularia, indicate that the substrate in which they were emplaced was stiff, resistant, dewatered and better consolidated. Therefore, it construes that this ichnoassemblage belonging to the classical Cruziana ichnofacies occurs in stiff softground and not a typical softground. Though the ichnofacies of this calcareous sandstone bed indicates low-medium energy condition under subtidal environment of deposition, underlying strata containing Arenicolites, Skolithos and Curvolithus of Skolithos ichnofacies indicate intertidal sandy shore environment with high energy conditions. Thus, it is concluded that this area was undergoing continuous, gradual deepening. However, the percentage of Thalassinoides, Ophiomorpha and Phycodes in the overlying bed is quite high suggesting an increase in the energy conditions resulting from a probable shallowing.

    • Ichnofauna from the Harbans Bed of the Badhaura Formation (Sterlitmakian), Rajasthan, India

      Kantimati G Kulkarni Vidyadhar D Borkar

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      In the first ever systematic study of trace fossils from the Badhaura Formation, the authors described a nesting burrow, which they ascribed to a stomatopod. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: primarily, to document ichnofauna from (post-glacial marine late Palaeozoic rocks of peninsular India) the Badhaura Formation (Sterlitmakian) representing marine rocks deposited following the Late Palaeozoic glaciation and secondly to contribute to the data on post-glacial ichnofauna from constituent continents of the Gondwanaland. Trace fossils described here are from the Harbans Bed, the topmost lithounit of the Badhaura Formation. The ichnofauna includes Arenicolites tenuis, Beaconites isp., Curvolithus isp., Cylindrichnus concentricus, Didymaulichnus lyelli, Ophiomorpha isp., Palaeophycus tubularis, Planolites beverleyensis, P. montanus, Rosselia chonoides, R. socialis, Skolithos linearis, Taenidium cameronensis, Thalassinoides paradoxicus, Thalassinoides isp. and a flask-shaped brood chamber assigned to a stomatopod crustacean. This mixed assemblage is assigned to distal Skolithos ichnofacies and is suggestive of a period of relatively quiet, shallow water conditions of deposition. The ichnofauna, when viewed in context of peri-gondwanic ichnofaunas, mainly consisting of simple tracks and trails, from late Palaeozoic post-glacial deposits of other Gondwanan continents, is interesting due to dominance of domichnia. Profusion of brood chambers along with Thalassinoides in the Badhaura Formation validates the concept of pre-Mesozoic Thalassinoides being non-decapod in origin and suggestive of adaptive convergence.

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