Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Crustal structure and rift tectonics across the Cauvery–Palar basin, Eastern Continental Margin of India based on seismic and potential field modelling

      D Twinkle G Srinivasa Rao M Radhakrishna K S R Murthy

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      The Cauvery–Palar basin is a major peri-cratonic rift basin located along the Eastern Continental Margin of India (ECMI) that had formed during the rift-drift events associated with the breakup of eastern Gondwanaland (mainly India–Sri Lanka–East Antarctica). In the present study, we carry out an integrated analysis of the potential field data across the basin to understand the crustal structure and the associated rift tectonics. The composite-magnetic anomaly map of the basin clearly shows the onshore-tooffshore structural continuity, and presence of several high-low trends related to either intrusive rocks or the faults. The Curie depth estimated from the spectral analysis of offshore magnetic anomaly data gave rise to 23 km in the offshore Cauvery–Palar basin. The 2D gravity and magnetic crustal models indicate several crustal blocks separated by major structures or faults, and the rift-related volcanic intrusiverocks that characterize the basin. The crustal models further reveal that the crust below southeast Indian shield margin is ∼36 km thick and thins down to as much as 13–16 km in the Ocean Continent Transition (OCT) region and increases to around 19–21 km towards deep oceanic areas of the basin. Thefaulted Moho geometry with maximum stretching in the Cauvery basin indicates shearing or low angle rifting at the time of breakup between India–Sri Lanka and the East Antarctica. However, the additional stretching observed in the Cauvery basin region could be ascribed to the subsequent rifting of Sri Lanka from India. The abnormal thinning of crust at the OCT is interpreted as the probable zone of emplaced Proto-Oceanic Crust (POC) rocks during the breakup. The derived crustal structure along with other geophysical data further reiterates sheared nature of the southern part of the ECMI.

    • Crustal architecture and rift tectonics across the Visakhapatnam Bay basin, central-east Indian margin: Insights from multichannel seismic and potential field data


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      The Visakhapatnam Bay (VB) basin is a passive margin rift basin located at the non-basinal segment of the Eastern Continental Margin of India (ECMI) and formed during the rift–drift events associated with the breakup of eastern Gondwanaland. In the present study, integrated analysis of potential field and multi-channel seismic reflection (MCS) data were carried out to understand the rift tectonics, crustal configuration and onshore–offshore structural continuity across this basin. The study revealed the following: (i) crustal models derived through joint gravity-magnetic modelling show limited stretching with 36–40 thick crust below the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt (EGMB) thinning down to 16–20 km at the Ocean Continent Transition (OCT), (ii) extension of Charnockitic basement associated with the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt (EGMB) into the offshore region. Comparison of the crustal configuration across the VB basin with that across the adjacent thick sedimentary area of the Krishna–Godavari shows that upper crustal configuration is significantly different in the VB area. The observed limited rift related structuration (horst-graben morphology), the mapped high angle break-away fault with large offset in the seismic data and narrow width (70–90 km) of extended crustal domain in VB basin suggests that this segment acts as transfer zone between Krishna–Godavari and Mahanadi rift zones. Further, long curvelinear trend of magnetic anomalies associated with Pudimadaka Lineament (PKL) demarcate the VB basin from the adjacent Krishna–Godavari rift zone.

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