• J Swain

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Parametric wave prediction model based on time delay concept — An evaluation

      J Swain M Baba

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      In the early stages of wave growth it is seen that wave heights are underestimated by presently available models especially in a low wind regime. Parametric wind-sea relationships of significant wave height (H2) and zero-crossing period (T2) for slight to moderate sea-states were proposed earlier on an analysis of wind and wave data. This model is based on the concept of time delay between the wind speed (U) and wave evolution process. It is simple and requires less computational effort compared to the spectral method. The present paper attempts to test and evaluate the performance of the proposed model with additional field data of wind and waves measured off the Indian coast. MeasuredU,H2, andT2 ranged between 1 and 15 m/s, 0·5 and 2·7 m and 4 and 10 s respectively. By and large, the comparison between model output and field observations are encouraging. A hindcast study was carried out earlier using a spectral wave prediction model (TOHOKU) for Indian Seas using field measurements which include the data sets utilized in this study. Comparison between these two models reveals a good agreement.

    • Observations of sea and swell using directional wave buoy

      P N Ananth Rao V S N Tatavarti J Swain C V K Prasada Rao

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      Directional wave data collected during an experiment at a location on the continental shelf of the south west coast of India using a WAVEC buoy, have been analysed based on the technique of Kuiket al (1988). The observed wave spectra indicate that the wave field is composed of sea waves (with peaks around 0·18 and 0·23 Hz) travelling nearly in the wind direction (WNW-N), and lower frequency (0·09 Hz) swell waves from the South. The parameterization of the wave directional spread shows that both local wind conditions and nonlinear wave-wave interactions control the shape of the directional distribution. The directional distribution is generally bimodal in the transition region between sea and swell and at higher frequencies when rapid changes in wind speed and direction occur.

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