• H N BHATTACHARYA

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Soft-sediment deformation structures in a Permo-carboniferous glacio-marine setting, Talchir Formation, Dudhi Nala, India

      H N BHATTACHARYA AMRITA MUKHERJEE

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      The Permo-carboniferous glacio-marine Talchir Formation of Dudhi Nala, West Bokaro Coal Basin, India, hosts soft-sediment deformation structures that originated from liquefaction and concomitant fluidization of unconsolidated sediments at or close to the sediment–water interface. Since liquefaction of water saturated sediments may be initiated by different endogenic or exogenic triggering agents, identification of the trigger needs careful analysis of the deformation structure, as well as depositional mechanism and environment of deposition of the host sediments. In-depth analysis of the studied liquefaction- and fluidization-induced soft-sediment deformation structures and sedimentary attributes of the host sediments of the studied succession unequivocally stand against the role of strong wave and tidal action, rapid sediment loading, mass-flow and subaqueous slides related shear stress, and water or gas seepage as the triggering agent. However, development of the soft-sediment deformation structures, close to sediment–water interface, closeness to syn-sedimentary fault, flowage along the tilt towards the fault, confinement within undeformed beds, episodic character and close similarities with structures that are formed during recent earthquakes, are consistent with seismic triggering for liquefaction. The studied shallow marine sediments record a sequel of climatic amelioration, glacial retreat, shallow marine sedimentation, glacio-isostatic rebound and related syn-sedimentary faulting and development of soft-sediment deformation structures.

    • Mixed siliciclastic–carbonate debrite–turbidite deposits in Paleoproterozoic Aravalli Supergroup, Zawar, Rajasthan, India: Implications on the Aravalli Basin evolution

      AMRITA MUKHERJEE H N BHATTACHARYA

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      The Paleoproterozoic Aravalli Supergroup exposed in the Zawar Pb–Zn mineralized belt of Rajasthan, India contains a mixed siliciclastic–carbonate horizon (Mochia Formation), which hosts the mineralization. The mixed sediments are underlain by a siliciclastic turbidite unit (Mandli Formation) and overlain unconformably by a fluvio-deltaic- to storm-influenced siliciclastic platformal deposit (Bowa Formation). Detailed facies analysis of the mixed siliciclastic–carbonate succession reveals that the sediments were deposited in a slope-base to basin plane environment by sediment density flow processes. Petrography of the siliciclastic–carbonate sediments reveals that micritic carbonates dominate over siliciclastic components in the compositionally mixed layers. The preponderance of micritic carbonate over siliciclastics indicates the sediments were sourced by an adjacent platform during a sea-level highstand. The sedimentation pattern in the Zawar section of the Aravalli Basin was primarily controlled by the change in sea level under the influences of syn-sedimentary tectonics. The study further reveals the implication of the sedimentary succession of the Zawar section in the stratigraphy of the Aravalli Basin.

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