• HASSAN MEHMOOD

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Paleostress inversion and outcrop fracture analysis of the brittle deformation along Main Boundary Thrust (MBT), NW Himalaya, Pakistan

      NAVEED AHSAN HASSAN MEHMOOD MUHAMMAD ARMAGHAN FAISAL MIRAJ IQRA BANO ABDUL QAYYUM RANA FAIZAN SALEEM

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      Fractures are the prominent deformation-induced structural features that develop in the rocks under brittle regime. Establishing a relationship between structural development and paleostress orientations is thus necessary to propose the comprehensive tectonic models of the study area. The study area lies in Lesser Himalaya (LH), which is restricted by the Main Central Thrust (MCT) in the north while the Main Boundary Thrust (MBT) lies south of it. This study aims to analyze the fracture pattern in the rocks along the Main Boundary Thrust (MBT, NW Himalaya, Pakistan) and perform paleostress analysis. Fifty different circle inventories were drawn in the Beld and 550 individual fracture orientations were observed and recorded. The data obtained includes orientation (dip amount, direction and strike) of fracture planes, density in terms of abundance within the definite area and fracture Blling material within the circle. The fracture data is then interpreted through Win-Tensor program for paleostress inversion. It is a computer interactive program based on Right Dihedron Method for fracture analysis and paleostress reconstruction. The results demonstrate a compressive tectonic regime with ${\sim}$NNW–SSE trending ${\sigma}_1$. It is suggested that the Main Boundary Thrust (MBT) is developed almost perpendicular to maximum principal stress orientation.

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