Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science
Volume 122 Issue 6 December 2013 pp 1583-1591
Upper tropospheric water vapour variability over tropical latitudes observed using radiosonde and satellite measurements
Ghouse Basha M Venkat Ratnam B V Krishna Murthy
The present study deals with using long-term database for upper tropospheric water vapour (UTWV) variability studies over three tropical stations (Gadanki, Singapore and Truk), where different climatic conditions prevail. Over Gadanki (13.5°N, 79.2°E) strong seasonal variation in UTWV is revealed but not over Singapore (1.37°N, 103.98°E) and Truk (7.46°N, 151.85°E) except at 100 hPa. It is examined whether high resolution radiosonde measurements represent well the UTWV by comparing with different satellite based (Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-B (AMSUB) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS)) water vapour measurements. Very good comparison in the nature of variations of UTWV is observed between radiosonde data and satellite data, except over Singapore particularly with AIRS and MLS data, on long-term basis. An attempt is also made to examine the source for UTWV. A close relationship is found between UTWV and deep convection over Gadanki indicating that the source for UTWV is convection particularly during the summer monsoon season.
Volume 131 All articles Published: 2 August 2022 Article ID 0170 Research article
Precipitation and temperature extremes and association with large-scale climate indices: An observational evidence over India
S REHANA PRANATHI YELESWARAPU GHOUSE BASHA FRANCISCO MUNOZ-ARRIOLA
Climate change exposes more frequent natural hazards and physical vulnerabilities to the built and natural environments. Extreme precipitation and temperature events will have a significant impact on both the natural environment and human society. However, it is unclear whether precipitation and temperature extremes increase physical vulnerabilities across scales and their links with large-scale climate indices. This study investigates the relationship between precipitation and temperature extremes, as recommended by the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI), and large scale climatological phenomenon indices (Indian Summer Monsoon Index (ISMI), Arctic Oscillation (AO), and North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)), using India as a case study. Our findings show that extreme warm indices were primarily negatively related to ISMI and positively related to extreme cold indices. According to Pearson’s correlation coefficients and Wavelet Transform Coherence (WTC), extreme warm indices were negatively related to ISMI and positively related to extreme cold indices. The extreme precipitation indices had a significant positive relationship, primarily with AO. Furthermore, from 1951 to 2018, India experienced an increase in warm extremes over western, central, and peninsular India, while cold indices increased over northwest India. Precipitation extremes of more than one day, more than five days, very wet and extremely wet days have increased across India except in the Indo-Gangetic plains, while heavy and very heavy precipitation days, consecutive wet days, and consecutive dry days have decreased.
Volume 132, 2023
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