• G D Vyas

      Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Geomagnetic disturbance effects on equatorial spreadF

      R G Rastogi G D Vyas H Chandra

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      Geomagnetic disturbance effects on the occurrence of range and frequency spread at Huancayo are studied for the period 1957–74. The occurrence of frequency spread is decreased on disturbed days forD-months andE-months while duringJ-months an increase is noted in the post-midnight period. The occurrence of range spread is decreased on disturbed days in the pre-midnight hours duringD andE-months. Post-midnight hours ofD andE-months and all hours of night duringJ-months show an increase of range spread on disturbed days, which is most prominent during low sunspot years. The mean occurrence of frequency spread (2300–0100 LT) and range spread (2000–2300 LT) decrease with increasing ΣKp. On the other hand, occurrence of range spread (0300–0500 LT) increases with increasing ΣKp, and is suggested as the consequence of the changes of the horizontal electric field in theF-region associated with the geomagnetic storms.

    • Daily variations ofE andF region drifts over Tiruchirapalli

      G D Vyas H Chandra R G Rastogi

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      Daily variations of the E-W and N-S components of ionospheric drifts, measured using closely spaced receiver method over Tiruchirapalli near magnetic equator, are described for the periods 1973–75 forE region and 1974–75 forF region. N-S component is not observed except for a few occasions during summer months for theE region. E-W component is generally eastward during night hours and westward during day hours. There is a large day-to-day variability in the magnitude as well as in the evening reversal time. Daily variations primarily consist of the diurnal component with average amplitude of about 90 m/sec forF region and of about 80 m/sec forE region. The drift speeds are found to decrease with magnetic activity. It is concluded that the abnormal electrojet region extends upto north of Tiruchirapalli in the Indian zone and drifts here can be used as a monitor of electric field.

    • The effect of filtering on drift and anisotropy parameters determined by full correlation analysis

      B M Vyas D V Sardesai R K Rai H Chandra G D Vyas

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      Ionospheric drift records obtained by the closely spaced receiver technique at Udaipur are subjected to low and high pass filtering with varying cutoff frequencies and the effects of filtering on various drift and anisotropy parameters as determined by full correlation analysis are studied. Limits in which filtering could be employed are suggested on the basis of results obtained.

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