Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science

    • Relevance of Marine Spatial Planning in coastal zone management planning: Opportunities and challenges in Indian context – case study of Odisha


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      The need for adequate planning and management of marine areas has been progressively realised due to the prevalent and ever-increasing ‘use-conflicts’ in time and space, amongst different maritime sectors. Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is an effective approach to ensure marine conservation and prevent over-exploitation of marine resources by sustainably utilizing its economic potential. Literature review in the Indian context indicates that studies have been undertaken in the sphere of blue economy and acknowledging the importance of MSP in specific sectors such as fisheries and marine resource management. However, studies on possible approach and guiding methodology for real application of MSP in the context of Indian coasts seem to be meagre. The current paper attempts to present the relevance of MSP in coastal zone management planning in India, through a unique MSP framework developed for the state of Odisha and also discusses possible strengthening of the institutional structure. The paper concludes by highlighting some key opportunities and challenges for Marine Spatial Planning in India. One of the major contributions of this study would be its possible use by relevant stakeholders, in the application of MSP for marine area management in varying spatial jurisdictions.


      $\bullet$ Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) framework to be contextualized and used in Indian context, in order to tap the nation's latent blue economy potential while also ensuring protection of its marine environment.

      $\bullet$ Comprehensive application of MSP will facilitate integrated and informed decision making by government agencies and establishments concerned with the management of marine areas.

      $\bullet$ A replicable and ecosystem based - adaptable approach to mainstream MSP in the Integrated Coastal Zone Management process.

      $\bullet$ Stakeholder consultations including participatory exercises for conflict identification makes the findings broad based and sensitive to ground realities for addressing dynamics of marine areas.

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