Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science
Volume 123 Issue 7 October 2014 pp 1517-1539
In this study, a Physiographic Soil Erosion–Deposition Model (PSED) is applied for better management of a watershed. The PSED model can effectively evaluate the key parameters of watershed management: surface runoff discharge, suspended sediment transport rate, quantity of soil erosion, and spatial distribution of soil erosion and deposition. A basin usually contains multiple watersheds. These watersheds may have complex topography and heterogeneous physiographic properties. The PSED model, containing a physiographic rainfall-runoff model and a basin scale erosion–deposition model, can simulate the physical mechanism of the entire erosion process based on a detailed calculation of bed-load transportation, surface soil entrainment, and the deposition mechanism. With the assistance of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), the PSED model can handle and analyze extremely large hydrologic and physiographic datasets and simulate the physical erosion process without the need for simplification. We verified the PSED model using three typhoon events and 40 rainfall events. The application of PSED to Chou-Shui River basin shows that the PSED model can accurately estimate discharge hydrographs, suspended sediment transport rates, and sediment yield. Additionally, we obtained reasonable quantities of soil erosion as well as the spatial distribution of soil erosion and deposition. The results show that the PSED model is capable of calculating spatially distributed soil erosion and suspended sediment transport rates for a basin with multiple watersheds even if these watersheds have complex topography and heterogeneous physiographic properties.
Volume 127 Issue 6 August 2018 Article ID 0086
In this study, we developed a physiographic soil erosion–deposition model to simulate sediment yield from a watershed into Agongdian reservoir and sediment flushing to estimate the efficiency of empty flushing. The model was verified using data related to Typhoons Morakot and Fanapi. Thereafter, we calculated the sediment flushing efficiency of empty storage under the conditions of 1- and 2-day storms with seven return periods. The simulated results revealed that the amount of sediment yield from Joushui River watershed was approximately 70% on average, whereas that from Wanglai River watershed was approximately 30%. These results are consistent with those of a government research report, whichsuggested that the sediment yield figures from Joushui and Wanglai River watersheds were 72 and 28%, respectively. Furthermore, the efficiency of empty flushing was more than 55% when using the shaft spillway pipe, suggesting that the model can be applied to estimate sediment yield and flushing efficiency.
Volume 128 | Issue 8
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