• YAFEI ZHAO

      Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • PtNi nanoparticles embedded in porous silica microspheres as highly active catalysts for p-nitrophenol hydrogenation to p-aminophenol

      HUIJUAN GUAN CONG CHAO YANJIE LU HUISHAN SHANG YAFEI ZHAO SIGUO YUAN BING ZHANG

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      Supported Pt-based alloy nanoparticles have attracted greater attention in catalysis due to their high activity, reduced cost, and easy recycling in chemical reactions. In this work, mesoporous SiO₂ microspheres were employed as support to immobilize PtNi alloy nanocatalysts with different mass ratios of Pt and Ni (1:0, 3:1, 1:1, 1:3 and 0:1) by a facile in situ one-step reduction in the absence of any capping agent. SEM, EDS, TEM, FTIR, XRD, ICP-AES, XPS and nitrogen adsorption/desorption analysis were employed to systematically investigate the morphology and structure of the obtained SiO2 microspheres and SiO₂/PtNi nanocatalysts. Results show that uniform PtNi nanoparticles can be homogeneously and firmly embedded into the surface of SiO₂ microspheres. When the as-prepared SiO₂/PtNi nanocatalysts were used in the reduction process of pnitrophenol to p-aminophenol, the nanocatalyst with Pt and Ni mass ratio of 1:3 showed the highest catalytic activity (TOF of 5.35 × 10¹⁸ molecules·g⁻¹·s⁻¹) and could transform p-nitrophenol to p-aminophenol completely within 5 min. The SiO₂/PtNi nanocatalyst can also maintain high catalytic activity in the fourth cycle, implying its excellent stability during catalysis.

    • Preparation of Ni2P on twinned Zn0.5Cd0.5S nanocrystals for highefficient photocatalytic hydrogen production

      XIAOPENG ZHOU LINXIN YIN KAIQING DAI XIANGYANG GAO YANAN FENG YAFEI ZHAO BING ZHANG

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      Developing efficient non-precious metal semiconductor photocatalysts is highly desirable for photocatalytically splitting water. In this work, the composite of the nanocrystal twinned Zn0.5Cd0.5S (ZCS) solid solution decorated with highly dispersed Ni2P nanoparticles was successfully formed by in situ growthmethod, and it exhibited remarkable photocatalytic hydrogen production activity of visible light. A high rate of hydrogen production of 30473 lmol h-1 g-1 was achieved, and the apparent quantum yield (AQY) was as high as 83.5% at 420 nm. Moreover, the sample could maintain outstanding photocatalytic hydrogenation activity after 4-cycle continuous catalytic process. The unique nano-twinned structure of ZCS and synergistic effects between the Ni2P and the twinned ZCS are responsible for the dramatically improved catalytic activities of photocatalysts composite.

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