Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences
Volume 106 Issue 3 June 1994 pp 780-780
Volume 108 Issue 3 June 1996 pp 344-344 Modern Trends In Inorganic Chemistry
Volume 115 Issue 1 February 2003 pp 15-22
Tetravalent metal acid (TMA) salts are cation exchangers due to the presence of structural hydroxyl groups. The presence of protons makes the TMA salt, a potential candidate for solid state protonic conduction. In the present endeavour, amorphous inorganic ion exchangers of the class of TMA salts, tin tungstate (SnW), titanium tungstate (TiW) and zirconium tungstate (ZrW) have been synthesized and characterized for elemental analysis, thermal analysis (TGA, DSC), FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray analysis. Chemical resistivity of these materials have been assessed in various acidic, basic and organic media. Ion exchange capacity has been determined and effect of heating on ion exchange capacity has been studied. The proton conduction behaviour of these materials has been studied by measuring specific conductance (σ) at different temperatures in the range 30–175°C using HP 4192 A impedance analyzer. The specific conductance values for the three materials have been compared.
Volume 119 Issue 1 January 2007 pp 35-40
M(IV) phosphates of the class of tetravalent metal acid (TMA) salts where M (IV) = Zr, Ti, Sn has been synthesized by the sol-gel method. These materials have been characterized for elemental analysis (ICP-AES), thermal analysis (TGA, DSC), X-ray analysis and FTIR spectroscopy. Chemical resistivity of these materials has been accessed in acidic, basic and organic solvent media. The protons present in the structural hydroxyl groups indicates good potential for TMA salts to exhibit solid-state proton conduction. The transport properties of these materials has been explored by measuring specific proton conductance at different temperatures in the range of 30-120°C at 10°C intervals, using a Solartron Dataset impedance analyzer (SI 1260) over a frequency range 1 Hz-10 MHz at a signal level below 1 V. Based on the specific conductance data and the Arrhenius plots, a suitable mechanism has been proposed and conductance performance of ZrP, SnP and TiP compared.
Volume 132, 2020
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode