Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • Supersonic jet spectroscopy of floppy molecules

      Mihir Chowdhury Tapas Chakraborty Tapanendu Kundu

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      The application of supersonic jet spectroscopy to the study of low-frequency, large-amplitude, anharmonic motions in the excited states of floppy molecules has been discussed. In particular, our work on inversion and torsional vibrations of 9, 10-dihydroanthracene and dihydrophenanthrene by laser-induced fluorescence excitation technique has been reviewed. The inversion of dihydroanthracene is nicely fitted with a quadratic Gaussian type potential function and the height of the barrier in the S1 state is calculated to be 94 cm−1. The inter-ring torsional frequencies of dihydrophenanthrene appear as a prominent progression and Frank-Condon analysis shows that the S1 state of the molecule is planar in contrast to a skew configuration in the ground state. A peculiar alternation of band gaps has been noticed.

    • Structure and intermolecular vibrations of 7-azaindole-water 2:1 complex in a supersonic jet expansion: Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy and quantum chemistry calculation

      Montu K Hazra Moitrayee Mukherjee V Ramanathan Tapas Chakraborty

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      Laser-induced fluorescence spectra of a 2:1 complex between 7-azaindole and water, known as `non-reactive dimer’ of the molecule, have been measured in a supersonic jet expansion. The dispersed fluorescence spectrum of the electronic origin band of the complex shows a very large number of low-frequency vibrational features corresponding to different intermolecular modes of the complex in the ground electronic state. Geometries of several possible isomeric structures of the complex and their vibrational frequencies at harmonic approximation were calculated by electronic structure theory method at MP2/6-31G∗∗ level. An excellent agreement is observed between the measured and calculated intermolecular vibrational mode frequencies for the energetically most favoured structure of the complex, where the water molecule is inserted within one of the two N$\cdots$H-N hydrogen bonds of the 7AI dimer.

    • Matrix isolation infrared spectra of O-H· · · π Hydrogen bonded complexes of Acetic acid and Trifluoroacetic acid with Benzene


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      Mid infrared spectra of two O–H· · · π hydrogen-bonded binary complexes of acetic acid (AA) and trifluoroacetic acid (F₃AA) with benzene (Bz) have been measured by isolating the complexes in an argon matrix at ∼8 K. In a matrix isolation condition, the O–H stretching fundamentals (νO−H) of the carboxylic acid groups of the two molecules are observed to have almost the same value. However, the spectral red-shifts of νO−H bands of the two acids on complexation with Bz are largely different, 90 and 150 cm⁻¹ for AA and F₃AA, respectively. Thus, the O–H bond weakening of the two acids upon binding with Bz in a non-interacting environment follows the sequence of their ionic dissociation tendencies (pKa) in aqueous media. Furthermore, ΔνO−H of the latter complex is the largest among the known π-hydrogen bonded binary complexes of prototypical O–H donors reported so far with respect to Bz as acceptor. It is also observed that the spectral shifts (ΔνO−H) of phenol-Bz and carboxylic acid-Bz complexes show similar dependence on the acidity factor (pKa). Electronic structure theory has been used to suggest suitable geometries of the complexes that are consistent with the measured IR spectral changes. Calculation at MP2/6-311++G (d, p) level predicts a T-shaped geometry for both AA-Bz and F₃AA-Bz complexes, and the corresponding binding energies are 3.0 and 4.5 kcal/mol, respectively. Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analysis has been performed to correlate the observed spectral behavior of the complexes with the electronic structure parameters.

    • Mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectroscopy probing of the kinetics of an atmospherically significant radical reaction, CH3O2+NO2+M→CH3O2NO2+M , in the gas phase

      Aparajeo Chattopadhyay Monoj Samanta Koushik Mondal Tapas Chakraborty

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      The kinetic parameters of an important atmospheric reaction, CH3O2+NO2+M→CH3O2NO2+M, have been recorded by monitoring directly the changes in concentrations of methylperoxy radicals (CH3O2) in the gas phase employing a new mid-infrared quantum cascade laser (QCL)-based apparatus. CH3O2 radicals in our apparatus have been generated by pulsed UV laser (266 nm) photolysis of CH3I in a gaseous mixture with oxygen. The absorption band corresponding to the mid-infrared O-O stretching fundamental of the peroxy radical, within a narrow spectral range, 1070–1120 cm-1, has been recorded by tuning the wavelength of the QCL operated in CW mode. The kinetics of the aforementioned reaction of CH3O2 with NO2 has been followed by analyzing the changes of the infrared (QCL) decay profile of CH3O2 at 9.1 μm (1098.9 cm-1) maintaining a pseudo first order reaction condition. We noticed that the rate constant of the reaction at 298 K varies in the range of (1.21–3.08) ×10-12 cm3 molecule-1s-1 for changing the total pressure in the range of 75–730 mbar. The absorption cross-section of CH3O2 at the probe wavelength (1098.9 cm-1), has been estimated for the first time to be 8.3±0.4×10-20 cm2.

    • Photoisomerization of acetone via Rydberg excitation


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      Acetone photochemistry upon excitation by vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) radiation of photonenergy 7.75 eV has been investigated under a cryogenic condition of an argon matrix (8 K) and also by shining the molecule seeded in an effusive beam of argon prior to matrix deposition on a pre-cooled KBr window, where the photo-products get trapped in the argon matrix. Product analysis by infrared spectroscopy reveals appearance of the characteristic enolic O-H stretching fundamental at 3622 cm-1 and other bands in the infrared fingerprint region, including C=C stretching only in the gas phase. The findings reveal the opening of a new isomerization reaction channel of acetone over the popular Norrish type-I α-CC bond cleavage upon VUV excitation to high-lying Rydberg states.

      SYNOPSIS Photochemical transformation of acetone upon excitation by vacuum ultraviolet radiation of photon energy 7.75 eV is reported under a cryogenic condition of an argon matrix (8 K). Infrared spectroscopic analysis of the products reveals that acetone isomerizes to the enolic form, 1-propene-2-ol, upon excitation to the high-lying Rydberg states.

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