Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • Electrochemical sensors based on functionalized carbon nanotubes modified with platinum nanoparticles for the detection of sulfide ions in aqueous media


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      Vertically aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays were synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on stainless steel substrates coated by cobalt nanoparticles as catalyst. Morphological and elemental analyses conducted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy(EDX) revealed that bamboo-like CNTs were blocked by Co nanoparticles at the tips. The fabricated nanotubes underwent functionalization by electrochemical oxidation in sulfuric acid, and the subsequent structural studies, as well as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed that the tips of functionalized CNTs were opened while oxygenated functional groups were generated at the sidewalls and tube endings. In order to enhance the catalytic performance of the functionalized CNT-based electrodes, platinum nanoparticles were deposited on nanotubes by the potentiostatic and pulse potential lectrodeposition processes, and the optimum operating parameters in both techniques were determined. The catalytic activities of these two electrodes towards methanol oxidation were determined by cyclic voltammetry (CV) testing, and a superior electrocatalytic activity and poisoning tolerance were detected for the electrode prepared by pulse deposition. The sensing performance of the pulse plated Pt/CNT electrode for the electrochemical detection and oxidation of dissolved sulfide ions was investigated. A sensitivity of 0.632 μA μM -1cm -2and a detection limit of 0.26 μM were obtained, indicating the enhanced capabilities of the developed sensor as a promising candidate for various industrial and environmental applications.

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