• S R C Vivekchand

      Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • A new method of preparing single-walled carbon nanotubes

      S R C Vivekchand A Govindaraj

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      A novel method of purification for single-walled carbon nanotubes, prepared by an arc-discharge method, is described. The method involves a combination of acid washing followed by high temperature hydrogen treatment to remove the metal nanoparticles and amorphous carbon present in the as-synthesized singlewalled carbon nanotubes. The purified single-walled carbon nanotubes have been characterised by low-angle X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, thermo-gravi-metric analysis and Raman spectroscopy.

    • Graphene-based electrochemical supercapacitors

      S R C Vivekchand Chandra Sekhar Rout K S Subrahmanyam A Govindaraj C N R Rao

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      Graphenes prepared by three different methods have been investigated as electrode materials in electrochemical supercapacitors. The samples prepared by exfoliation of graphitic oxide and by the transformation of nanodiamond exhibit high specific capacitance in aq. H2SO4, the value reaching up to 117 F/g. By using an ionic liquid, the operating voltage has been extended to 3.5 V (instead of 1 V in the case of aq. H2SO4), the specific capacitance and energy density being 75 F/g and 31.9 Wh kg-1 respectively. This value of the energy density is one of the highest values reported to date. The performance characteristics of the graphenes which are directly related to the quality, in terms of the number of layers and the surface area, are superior to that of single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

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