Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences
Volume 100 Issue 6 December 1988 pp 525-533 Physical and Theoretical
Bromocresol green (BCG) has been employed as a new spectrophotometric probe to characterise the binding regions of human serum albumin (HSA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). BCG binds with greater affinity onto BSA than onto HSA. Based on the abilities of ligands Naproxen and l-anilino-8-naphthalenesulphonic acid (ANS) to displace BCG from the serum albumins by competitive or non-competitive mechanism, binding regions were identified for these ligands. It has been found that both Naproxen and ANS share common binding sites with BCG in HSA with the relative ability of Naproxen > ANS on binding to HSA. In the case of BSA, ANS competes with BCG for the same binding sites, whereas Naproxen exhibits non-competitive binding. The highaffinity sites of Naproxen coincide with BCG binding sites while the low-affinity sites occur at sites distinct from the BCG binding region.
Volume 103 Issue 2 February 1991 pp 173-183 Physical and Theoretical
The binding data for the interaction of alclofenac (AF) and dansylsarcosine (DS) to bovine serum albumin (BSA) have respectively yielded nonlinear Scatchard plots. The plots have been subjected to Rosenthal’s method of analysis and thus the ligands have been found to possess two different kinds of sites in BSA. The binding capacities of these sites have been evaluated. The fluorescence competition studies have revealed that the binding of DS to BSA is noncompetitively inhibited by AF. Therefore, the presence of distinct binding sites for AF and DS in BSA could be inferred. The fluorescence quenching studies have also been able to demonstrate this aforesaid fact. The analysis of the quenching data by the modified Stern-Volmer plot has indicated that both the tryptophan (Trp) residues of BSA are accessible to DS for the quenching in absence of AF, but only one of them is accessible in presence of AF. This has led to suggest that the binding site of DS has been in the vicinity of loop 3–4, involving Trp-134 and Trp-212. The binding of AF at a distinct site from that of DS has exerted heterotropic interactions at the DS binding site and thereby inhibited the binding of DS to BSA.
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