Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences
Volume 117 Issue 6 November 2005 pp 635-639
Fe-Mg-hydrotalcite (Mg/Fe = 3) anionic clay with or without calcination (at 200–800‡C) has been used for the benzylation of toluene and other aromatic compounds by benzyl chloride. Hydrotalcite before and after its calcination was characterized for surface area, crystalline phases and basicity. Both the hydrotalcite, particularly after its use in the benzylation reaction, and the catalyst derived from it by its calcination at 200–800‡C show high catalytic activity for the benzylation of toluene and other aromatic compounds. The catalytically active species present in the catalyst in its most active form are the chlorides and oxides of iron on the catalyst surface.
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