• R M Abu Elhamd

      Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • Heterocyclic halide moieties in the synthesis and study of some conjugated oxazine methine cyanine dyes

      A M Osman Z H Khalil A I M Koraiem R M Abu Elhamd R M El-Aal

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      New asymmetrical/symmetrical styryl cyanines (3ad,4ad), monomethine cyanine dyes (5ad,6ad) and trimethine cyanine dyes (11ag,12ag) incorporatingbis pyrazolo-[2,3-b;2′,3′-b′] oxazine and/or pyrazolo [2,3-b]-oxazolo [2′,3′-b] oxazine were prepared. The new synthesised cyanines were identified by elemental and spectral analyses. The uv-visible absorption spectra of some selected dyes were investigated in pure and mixed solvents as well as in aqueous buffer solutions. Molecular complex formation with ethanol was verified by mixed solvent studies. Electronic transitions were attributed to either locally excited or predominantly charge transfer states. The spectral shifts were discussed in relation to molecular structure and in terms of medium effects. The variation of absorbance withpH was utilized for the determination of thepKa values for some selected compounds.

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