• R Parthasarathi

      Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • Relationship between electrophilicity index, Hammett constant and nucleus-independent chemical shift

      M Elango R Parthasarathi G Karthik Narayanan A Md Sabeelullah U Sarkar N S Venkatasubramaniyan V Subramanian P K Chattaraj

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      Inter-relationships between the electrophilicity index (Ω), Hammett constant (óp@#@) and nucleusindependent chemical shift (NICS (1) — NICS value one ångstrom above the ring centre) have been investigated for a series of meta- and para-substituted benzoic acids. Good linear relationships between Hammett constant vs electrophilicity and Hammett constant vs NICS (1) values have been observed. However, the variation of NICS (1) against CO shows only a low correlation coefficient.

    • A conceptual DFT approach towards analysing toxicity

      U Sarkar D R Roy P K Chattaraj R Parthasarathi J Padmanabhan V Subramanian

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      The applicability of DFT-based descriptors for the development of toxicological structure-activity relationships is assessed. Emphasis in the present study is on the quality of DFT-based descriptors for the development of toxicological QSARs and, more specifically, on the potential of the electrophilicity concept in predicting toxicity of benzidine derivatives and the series of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) expressed in terms of their biological activity data (pIC50). First, two benzidine derivatives, which act as electron-donating agents in their interactions with biomolecules are considered. Overall toxicity in general and the most probable site of reactivity in particular are effectively described by the global and local electrophilicity parameters respectively. Interaction of two benzidine derivatives with nucleic acid (NA) bases/selected base pairs is determined using Parr’s charge transfer formula. The experimental biological activity data (pIC50) for the family of PAH, namely polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF), poly-halogenated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PHDD) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are taken as dependent variables and the HF energy (E), along with DFT-based global and local descriptors, viz., electrophilicity index (Ω) and local electrophilic power (Ω+) respectively are taken as independent variables. Fairly good correlation is obtained showing the significance of the selected descriptors in the QSAR on toxins that act as electron acceptors in the presence of biomolecules. Effects of population analysis schemes in the calculation of Fukui functions as well as that of solvation are probed. Similarly, some electron-donor aliphatic amines are studied in the present work. We see that global and local electrophilicities along with the HF energy are adequate in explaining the toxicity of several substances, both electron donors or acceptors when they interact with biosystems, in gas as well as solution phases.

    • An atom counting and electrophilicity based QSTR approach

      P K Chattara D R Roy S Giri S Mukherjee V Subramanian R Parthasarathi P Bultinck S Van Damme

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      Quantitative-structure-toxicity-relationship (QSTR) models are developed for predicting the toxicity (pIGC50) of 252 aliphatic compounds on Tetrahymena pyriformis. The single parameter models with a simple molecular descriptor, the number of atoms in the molecule, provide reasonable results. Better QSTR models with two parameters result when global electrophilicity is used as the second descriptor. In order to tackle both charge- and frontier-controlled reactions the importance of the local electro (nucleo) philicities and atomic charges is also analysed.

    • The role of C-H$\ldots \pi$ interaction in the stabilization of benzene and adamantane clusters

      R Mahesh Kumar M Elango R Parthasarathi Dolly Vijay V Subramanian

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      In this investigation, a systematic attempt has been made to understand the interaction between adamantane and benzene using both ab initio and density functional theory methods. C-H$\ldots \pi$ type of interaction between C-H groups of adamantane and 𝜋 cloud of benzene is found as the important attraction for complex formation. The study also reveals that the methylene (-CH2) and methine (-CH) groups of adamantane interact with benzene resulting in different geometrical structures. And it is found that the former complex is stronger than the later. The diamondoid structure of adamantane enables it to interact with a maximum of four benzene molecules, each one along the four faces. The stability of the complex increases with increase in the number of benzene molecules. The energy decomposition analysis of adamantane-benzene complexes using DMA approach shows that the origin of the stability primarily arises from the dispersive interaction. The theory of atoms in molecules (AIM) supports the existence of weak interaction between the two systems. The electrostatic topography features provide clues for the mode of interaction of adamantane with benzene.

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