Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • Synthesis and characterization of di- and triorganotin(IV) complexes of 2-tert-butyl-4-methyl phenol

      Neeraj Sharma Archana Maridula Thakur S S Bhatt S C Chaudhry

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      The di- and trialkyltin(IV) complexes of composition R2SnCl$_{2-x}$(OAr), and 𝑛-Bu3Sn(OAr) (R = 𝑛-Bu and Me; 𝑥 = 1 and 2; OAr = OC6H3Bu$^t$-2-Me-4) have been synthesized by the reactions of di-n-butyl and dimethyltin dichlorides and tri-n-butyltin(IV) chloride with 2-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol and triethylamine in tetrahydrofuran. The reaction of triphenyltin chloride with trimethylsilyl-2-t-butyl-4-methylphenoxide in the same solvent however, gives a complex of composition Ph3Sn(OAr). The complexes have been characterized by microanalyses, molar conductance measurements, molecular weight determinations and IR and 1H, 13C and 119Sn NMR and mass spectral studies. Thermal behaviour of the complexes has been studied by TGA and DTA techniques. From the non-isothermal TG data, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters have been calculated employing Coats-Redfern equation and the mechanism of decomposition has been computed using non-isothermal kinetic method. Thermal investigations on the blends of poly(methylmethacrylate). PMMA, with organotin(IV)-2-tert-butyl-4-methylphenoxides have shown increased thermal stability compared to pure PMMA suggesting thereby their potential as additives towards PMMA.

    • A hydrogel based on dialdehyde carboxymethyl cellulose–gelatin and its utilization as a bio adsorbent


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      In the present study, the dialdehyde carboxymethyl cellulose (DCMC) was cross-linked covalently to gelatin via the Schiff base reaction to form a three-dimensional hydrogel (DCMC-cl-G). The crosslinking degree of DCMC and gelatin was estimated to be 50.31 ± 2.65. The maximum swelling capacityof the hydrogel in aqueous medium was around 74 g/g at pH 10.0 and 37°C with equilibrium swelling attained in three hours and the compressive strength of the hydrogel was found to be 55 ± 0.76 kPa at 60% strain. The biodegradation studies confirmed 82.67% degradation of the hydrogel sample within a period oftwelve weeks. Further, the hydrogel was evaluated as a bio adsorbent for the removal of hazardous dyes, namely Rhodamine B (RhB) and Methyl Violet (MV) from water due to its decent swelling capacity and good mechanical strength. The maximum percentage of RhB and MV removed from the respective dye solutionsusing DCMC-cl-G hydrogel was 96.5% and 90% at pH 6.0, respectively. Both dyes followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm, which considers monolayer adsorption of adsorbate over adsorbent, with a pseudosecond-order kinetic model.

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