• Lakshmi Kantam Mannepalli

      Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • Synthesis of substituted guanidines using Zn-Al hydrotalcite catalyst

      Lakshmi Kantam Mannepalli Venkanna Dupati Swarna Jaya Vallabha Manorama Sunkara V

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      Substituted guanidines were synthesized by the guanylation of amines with carbodiimides using Zn-Al hydrotalcite (Zn-Al HT) catalyst. Zn-Al HT was prepared by co-precipitation method and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman and Thermogravimetric-Differential Thermal Analysis (TG-DTA). The heterogeneous catalyst afforded moderate to good yields ($\tilde r$ 50-60 %) of substituted guanidines in toluene at 110°C in 12 h. The catalyst was recovered quantitatively by simple filtration and reused for three cycles with consistent activity. The XRD and FTIR studies of the used catalyst shows no variation in the structure of the catalyst even after three recycles.

    • Synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives from terminal alkynes and o-phenylenediamines by using copper alumina catalyst

      AKHIL V NAKHATE KALIDAS B RASAL GUNJAN P DESHMUKH SHYAM SUNDER R GUPTA LAKSHMI KANTAM MANNEPALLI

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      An efficient method for the synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives through oxidative coupling of o-phenylenediamines (OPD) with terminal alkynes by using copper-alumina (Cu-Al) catalyst was described. A series of Cu-Al catalysts with different mole ratios of Cu ²⁺ /Al ³⁺, 2:1 (Cu-Al-1), 2.5:1 (Cu-Al-2) and 3:1 (Cu-Al-3) were prepared by co-precipitation method followed by calcination and their activity was checked for the synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives. Cu-Al-2 showed excellent activity at 60 ◦C in presence ofK ₂CO ₃. The catalyst is inexpensive, recyclable and environmentally benign. The fresh and recycled catalysts were characterized by different analytical techniques. Different reaction parameters were optimized; catalyst screening, solvent, base and temperature. The protocol was extended towards different substrates.

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