Lakshmi Kantam Mannepalli
Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences
Volume 125 Issue 6 November 2013 pp 1339-1345 Regular Articles
Substituted guanidines were synthesized by the guanylation of amines with carbodiimides using Zn-Al hydrotalcite (Zn-Al HT) catalyst. Zn-Al HT was prepared by co-precipitation method and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman and Thermogravimetric-Differential Thermal Analysis (TG-DTA). The heterogeneous catalyst afforded moderate to good yields ($\tilde r$ 50-60 %) of substituted guanidines in toluene at 110°C in 12 h. The catalyst was recovered quantitatively by simple filtration and reused for three cycles with consistent activity. The XRD and FTIR studies of the used catalyst shows no variation in the structure of the catalyst even after three recycles.
Volume 129 Issue 11 November 2017 pp 1761-1769 REGULAR ARTICLE
An efficient method for the synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives through oxidative coupling of o-phenylenediamines (OPD) with terminal alkynes by using copper-alumina (Cu-Al) catalyst was described. A series of Cu-Al catalysts with different mole ratios of Cu ²⁺ /Al ³⁺, 2:1 (Cu-Al-1), 2.5:1 (Cu-Al-2) and 3:1 (Cu-Al-3) were prepared by co-precipitation method followed by calcination and their activity was checked for the synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives. Cu-Al-2 showed excellent activity at 60 ◦C in presence ofK ₂CO ₃. The catalyst is inexpensive, recyclable and environmentally benign. The fresh and recycled catalysts were characterized by different analytical techniques. Different reaction parameters were optimized; catalyst screening, solvent, base and temperature. The protocol was extended towards different substrates.
Volume 132, 2020
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