• D B Naik

      Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences

    • Photoprocesses in sodium decyl sulphate micellar media

      D B Naik P N Moorthy

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      The absorption and fluorescence behaviour of thionine dye in sodium decyl sulphate (sds) medium has been studied in detail. The transient spectra and kinetics of decay of semithionine species produced by photoreduction of thionine by ferrous ions has-been studied using flash photolysis technique. The results have been compared with those in neat aqueous medium and in sodium lauryl sulphate (sls) media published earlier. It was found that the decay of semithionine which is kinetically second order in neat aqueous medium becomes pseudo first order as in thesls medium; however unlike in the latter case, the pseudo first order rate decreases with increasing surfactant concentration at all concentrations of ferric ion. The effect of electrolyte concentration on transient semithionine spectra and decay kinetics has also been studied. It was found that with increasing NaCl concentration the transient absorbance decreases and the decay slowly reverts back to second order as in aqueous medium. Insds medium as compared tosls a much higher concentration of NaCl is needed for the reaction to become second order which is attributed to stronger binding of ferric ions to thesds micelles.

    • One-electron reduction of thionine studied by pulse radiolysis

      S N Guha P N Moorthy K Kishore D B Naik K N Rao

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      One-electron reduction of thionine has been studied by using the technique of nanosecond pulse radiolysis and kinetic spectrophotometry. H,eaq as well as radicals derived from methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, THF, dioxane andt-butanol by H atom abstraction were used as reductants. The rate constants for the transfer of electrons from these radicalts to thionine were directly determined from the pseudo first-order formation rates of the product, semithionine and the one-electron reduction potential of thionine estimated. The absorption spectrum of semithionine in its different conjugate acid-base forms was found to be in agreement with previously reported spectra and the decay of the species was second order. By monitoring transient absorbance changes as a function of pH, twopKa values were observed and, based on the effect of ionic strength on the second-order decay constants of the species were assigned to the equilibria described.

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