Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 44 Issue 6 December 2019 Article ID 0146 Article
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as potential biomarkers for endometrial carcinoma (EC) diagnosis, prognosisand therapy. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the detailed role and molecular mechanism of miR-195 inEC metastasis. qRT-PCR assay was performed to assess the expression of miR-195 and SRY-related high-mobility groupbox 4 (SOX4) mRNA in EC tissues and cells. The levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin, E-cadherin and SOX4 protein weredetermined by western blot. SOX4 protein expression in EC tissues was also determined by Immunohistochemistry (IHC)experiment. Transwell assay was used to analyze cell migration and invasion abilities. Dual-luciferase reporter assay andRNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay were performed to confirm the targeted interaction between miR-195 and SOX4.Our data supported that miR-195 was downregulated and SOX4 was upregulated in EC tissues and cell lines. Upregulationof miR-195 inhibited migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of EC cells. Moreover, SOX4 was adirect target of miR-195. MiR-195 overexpression-mediated anti-migration, anti-invasion and anti-EMT effects wereantagonized by SOX4 restoration in EC cells. In conclusion, our study suggested that miR-195 inhibited the migration,invasion and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of EC cells at least partly by targeting SOX4. Our study provided anovel underlying mechanism for EC metastasis and a promising therapeutic target for EC management.
Volume 45 All articles Published: 4 April 2020 Article ID 0055 Article
Tissue analysis by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) imaging can determine the biodistribution of molecules,without pre-analytical modification. We aimed to study the infrared spectroscopic changes of α-helical proteinsat post-traumatic epileptic (PTE) foci by FTIR. FITR mapping was applied to detect α-helical proteins in ratbrain tissue samples with post-traumatic epilepsy. Histological examination of brain sections showed that therat model of PTE was successfully established. At the PTE foci, high α-helical absorption regions wereevident, where the color difference and absorption were significantly different from those in the low-absorptionregions. This provided a distinctive and characteristic pattern at the site of lesions. The use of FTIR imagingmeans that it is possible to measure the molecular structural changes resulting from PTE pathologies in tissues,providing a novel adjunct to conventional pathological diagnostic techniques.
Volume 46, 2021
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